Euphorbia kansui

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Euphorbia kansui

Euphorbia kansui in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chaogansui ³´¸ÊËì Zhigansui ÖƸÊËì Chinese Name (pinyin): Gansui

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Kansui Root of Gansui

Specific Name  : Radix kansui

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected before flowering in spring or after the aerial part withering in autumn, removed from the outer bark and dried in the sun.

Description  : Ellipsoid or long cylindrical or moniliform. 1 - 5 cm long, 0.5 - 2.5 cm in diameter. Externally whitish or yellowish white with brown patches of cork adhering at a depression. Texture fragile, easily broken fracture starchy and white, wood slightly, radial striated, long cylindrical tubers appearing more fibrous. Odour slight, taste sweetish and pungent.

Identification  : Powder: Whitish, starch granules fairly abundant, simple granules spherical or hemispherical 5 - 34 µm in diameter, hilum pointed, slit shape or stellate compound granules of 2 - 8 components. Non-articulated laticiferous tubes containing yellowish minute granular substances. Thick walled cells rectangular, fusiform, subtriangular or polygonal, walls slightly lignified or nonlignified. Bordered pitted vessels more frequent, usually accompanied with fibre bundles.

Processing  : Radix Kansui (unprepared): Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean and dry in the sun.Stir fry with vinegar: Stir fry as described under the method for stir frying with vinegar (Appendix ll D) to dryness, using 30 kg of vinegar per 100 kg of Radix Gansui.

Action  : To cause drastic purgation and expel the retained water.

Indication  : anasarca, hydrothorax or ascites with dyspnea, constipation and oliguria

Precautions  : Contraindicated in pregnancy. Incompatible with Radix Glycyrrhizae.

Dosage  : 0.5 to 1.5 g, mostly used for making pills or powder after processing.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Euphorbia kansui

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Euphorbia kansui

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Euphorbia kansui in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Xian-Hua Meng, Kai Wang, Tian Chai, Zhi-Ying Guo, Ming Zhao, Jun-Li Yang
Ingenane and jatrophane diterpenoids from Euphorbia kansui and their antiproliferative effects.
Phytochemistry: 2020, 172;112257
[PubMed:31986448] [] [DOI] (I a)

Qiao Zhang, Zhen-Lan Li, Yi Zhang, Kan Wang, Min Zhang, Pei-Dong Chen, Wei-Feng Yao, Yu-Ping Tang, Jian-Hua Wu, Li Zhang
Effect of the vinegar-process on chemical compositions and biological activities of Euphorbia kansui: A review.
J Ethnopharmacol: 2020, 252;112557
[PubMed:31931159] [] [DOI] (I a)

Xueyan Zhao, Yue Zhang, Meng Wang, Xiaoai Fang, Xia Cai
Comparative proteomic analysis of latex from Euphorbia kansui laticifers at different development stages with and without UV-B treatment via iTRAQ-coupled two-dimensional liquid chromatography-MS/MS.
Funct. Plant Biol.: 2019;
[PubMed:31818367] [] [DOI] (I a)

Yi Zhang, Jian-Wei Lou, An Kang, Qiao Zhang, Shi-Kang Zhou, Bei-Hua Bao, Yu-Dan Cao, Wei-Feng Yao, Yu-Ping Tang, Li Zhang
Kansuiphorin C and Kansuinin A ameliorate malignant ascites by modulating gut microbiota and related metabolic functions.
J Ethnopharmacol: 2020, 249;112423
[PubMed:31765764] [] [DOI] (I p)

Qiao Zhang, Yi Zhang, Shi-Kang Zhou, Kan Wang, Min Zhang, Pei-Dong Chen, Wei-Feng Yao, Yu-Ping Tang, Jian-Hua Wu, Li Zhang
Molecules: 2019, 24(20);
[PubMed:31652602] [] [DOI] (I e)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects