Diospyros kaki

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P301 2.jpg
Tcm187.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Diospyros kaki

Diospyros kaki in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Shidi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Kaki Calyx

Specific Name  : Calyx Kaki

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when the fruit is ripe, wash clean and dried in the sun

Description  : Oblate, 1.5-2.5cm in diameter, relatiely thick in the middle, slightly prominent with a rounded scar of fruit fallen off and somewhat thin at the edge, 4-lobed, the lobes frequently reflexed, easily broken. A fruit stalk or a pitted scar fruit stalk remained at the base. Outer surface yellowish-brown or reddish-brown, inner surface yellowish brown, densely covered with fine pubescences. Hard and fragile texture, odorless, taste astringent.

Identification  : To 2g of the powder add 10ml of 70% ethanol, warmly macerate for 2 hours, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness, dissolve the residue in 1ml of methanol and use as the test solution. Dissolve Gallic acid CRS in methanol to produce a solution containing 0.5mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B), using silica gel G containing sodium carboxymethylcellulose as the coating substance and toluence (saturated with water) methyl for- mate-formic acid (5:4:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 5µl of test solution and 2µl of the reference solution to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air, spray with 1% solution of ferric chloride in ethanol. A spot in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution corresponds in the color and position to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution.

Processing  : eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, remove the stalk, dry and brak to pieces.

Action  : To check the upward flow of the stomach qi.

Indication  : hiccup

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

P301 2.jpg
Tcm187.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Diospyros kaki

Diospyros kaki in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Shidi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Kaki Calyx

Specific Name  : Calyx Kaki

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when the fruit is ripe, wash clean and dried in the sun

Description  : Oblate, 1.5-2.5cm in diameter, relatiely thick in the middle, slightly prominent with a rounded scar of fruit fallen off and somewhat thin at the edge, 4-lobed, the lobes frequently reflexed, easily broken. A fruit stalk or a pitted scar fruit stalk remained at the base. Outer surface yellowish-brown or reddish-brown, inner surface yellowish brown, densely covered with fine pubescences. Hard and fragile texture, odorless, taste astringent.

Identification  : To 2g of the powder add 10ml of 70% ethanol, warmly macerate for 2 hours, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness, dissolve the residue in 1ml of methanol and use as the test solution. Dissolve Gallic acid CRS in methanol to produce a solution containing 0.5mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B), using silica gel G containing sodium carboxymethylcellulose as the coating substance and toluence (saturated with water) methyl for- mate-formic acid (5:4:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 5µl of test solution and 2µl of the reference solution to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air, spray with 1% solution of ferric chloride in ethanol. A spot in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution corresponds in the color and position to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution.

Processing  : eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, remove the stalk, dry and brak to pieces.

Action  : To check the upward flow of the stomach qi.

Indication  : hiccup

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

P301 2.jpg
Tcm187.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Diospyros kaki

Diospyros kaki in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Shidi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Kaki Calyx

Specific Name  : Calyx Kaki

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when the fruit is ripe, wash clean and dried in the sun

Description  : Oblate, 1.5-2.5cm in diameter, relatiely thick in the middle, slightly prominent with a rounded scar of fruit fallen off and somewhat thin at the edge, 4-lobed, the lobes frequently reflexed, easily broken. A fruit stalk or a pitted scar fruit stalk remained at the base. Outer surface yellowish-brown or reddish-brown, inner surface yellowish brown, densely covered with fine pubescences. Hard and fragile texture, odorless, taste astringent.

Identification  : To 2g of the powder add 10ml of 70% ethanol, warmly macerate for 2 hours, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness, dissolve the residue in 1ml of methanol and use as the test solution. Dissolve Gallic acid CRS in methanol to produce a solution containing 0.5mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B), using silica gel G containing sodium carboxymethylcellulose as the coating substance and toluence (saturated with water) methyl for- mate-formic acid (5:4:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 5µl of test solution and 2µl of the reference solution to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air, spray with 1% solution of ferric chloride in ethanol. A spot in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution corresponds in the color and position to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution.

Processing  : eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, remove the stalk, dry and brak to pieces.

Action  : To check the upward flow of the stomach qi.

Indication  : hiccup

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

P301 2.jpg
Tcm187.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Diospyros kaki

Diospyros kaki in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Shidi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Kaki Calyx

Specific Name  : Calyx Kaki

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when the fruit is ripe, wash clean and dried in the sun

Description  : Oblate, 1.5-2.5cm in diameter, relatiely thick in the middle, slightly prominent with a rounded scar of fruit fallen off and somewhat thin at the edge, 4-lobed, the lobes frequently reflexed, easily broken. A fruit stalk or a pitted scar fruit stalk remained at the base. Outer surface yellowish-brown or reddish-brown, inner surface yellowish brown, densely covered with fine pubescences. Hard and fragile texture, odorless, taste astringent.

Identification  : To 2g of the powder add 10ml of 70% ethanol, warmly macerate for 2 hours, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness, dissolve the residue in 1ml of methanol and use as the test solution. Dissolve Gallic acid CRS in methanol to produce a solution containing 0.5mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B), using silica gel G containing sodium carboxymethylcellulose as the coating substance and toluence (saturated with water) methyl for- mate-formic acid (5:4:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 5µl of test solution and 2µl of the reference solution to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air, spray with 1% solution of ferric chloride in ethanol. A spot in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution corresponds in the color and position to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution.

Processing  : eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, remove the stalk, dry and brak to pieces.

Action  : To check the upward flow of the stomach qi.

Indication  : hiccup

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

P301 2.jpg
Tcm187.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Diospyros kaki

Diospyros kaki in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Shidi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Kaki Calyx

Specific Name  : Calyx Kaki

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when the fruit is ripe, wash clean and dried in the sun

Description  : Oblate, 1.5-2.5cm in diameter, relatiely thick in the middle, slightly prominent with a rounded scar of fruit fallen off and somewhat thin at the edge, 4-lobed, the lobes frequently reflexed, easily broken. A fruit stalk or a pitted scar fruit stalk remained at the base. Outer surface yellowish-brown or reddish-brown, inner surface yellowish brown, densely covered with fine pubescences. Hard and fragile texture, odorless, taste astringent.

Identification  : To 2g of the powder add 10ml of 70% ethanol, warmly macerate for 2 hours, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness, dissolve the residue in 1ml of methanol and use as the test solution. Dissolve Gallic acid CRS in methanol to produce a solution containing 0.5mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B), using silica gel G containing sodium carboxymethylcellulose as the coating substance and toluence (saturated with water) methyl for- mate-formic acid (5:4:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 5µl of test solution and 2µl of the reference solution to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air, spray with 1% solution of ferric chloride in ethanol. A spot in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution corresponds in the color and position to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution.

Processing  : eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, remove the stalk, dry and brak to pieces.

Action  : To check the upward flow of the stomach qi.

Indication  : hiccup

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Diospyros kaki

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Diospyros kaki

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Diospyros kaki in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Wenxing Chen, Qingyou Zheng, Jinwang Li, Ying Liu, Liqing Xu, Qinglin Zhang, Zhengrong Luo
DkMYB14 is a bifunctional transcription factor that regulates proanthocyanindin accumulation in persimmon fruit.
Plant J: 2021;
[PubMed:33835602] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Ki Cheol Hwang, Hyun Young Shin, Woo Jung Kim, Mi Suk Seo, Hoon Kim
Effects of a High-Molecular-Weight Polysaccharides Isolated from Korean Persimmon on the Antioxidant, Anti-Inflammatory, and Antiwrinkle Activity.
Molecules: 2021, 26(6);
[PubMed:33805791] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Cristina M González, Rebeca Gil, Gemma Moraga, Alejandra Salvador
Natural Drying of Astringent and Non-Astringent Persimmon "Rojo Brillante". Drying Kinetics and Physico-Chemical Properties.
Foods: 2021, 10(3);
[PubMed:33803816] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Masahiro Kitabatake, Yoko Matsumura, Noriko Ouji-Sageshima, Tatsuki Nishioka, Atsushi Hara, Shin-Ichi Kayano, Toshihiro Ito
Persimmon-derived tannin ameliorates the pathogenesis of ulcerative colitis in a murine model through inhibition of the inflammatory response and alteration of microbiota.
Sci Rep: 2021, 11(1);7286
[PubMed:33790314] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Huawei Li, Liyuan Wang, Yini Mai, Weijuan Han, Yujing Suo, Songfeng Diao, Peng Sun, Jianmin Fu
Phytohormone and integrated mRNA and miRNA transcriptome analyses and differentiation of male between hermaphroditic floral buds of andromonoecious Diospyros kaki Thunb.
BMC Genomics: 2021, 22(1);203
[PubMed:33757427] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects