Diospyros kaki

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P301 2.jpg
Tcm187.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Diospyros kaki

Diospyros kaki in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Shidi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Kaki Calyx

Specific Name  : Calyx Kaki

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when the fruit is ripe, wash clean and dried in the sun

Description  : Oblate, 1.5-2.5cm in diameter, relatiely thick in the middle, slightly prominent with a rounded scar of fruit fallen off and somewhat thin at the edge, 4-lobed, the lobes frequently reflexed, easily broken. A fruit stalk or a pitted scar fruit stalk remained at the base. Outer surface yellowish-brown or reddish-brown, inner surface yellowish brown, densely covered with fine pubescences. Hard and fragile texture, odorless, taste astringent.

Identification  : To 2g of the powder add 10ml of 70% ethanol, warmly macerate for 2 hours, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness, dissolve the residue in 1ml of methanol and use as the test solution. Dissolve Gallic acid CRS in methanol to produce a solution containing 0.5mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B), using silica gel G containing sodium carboxymethylcellulose as the coating substance and toluence (saturated with water) methyl for- mate-formic acid (5:4:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 5µl of test solution and 2µl of the reference solution to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air, spray with 1% solution of ferric chloride in ethanol. A spot in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution corresponds in the color and position to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution.

Processing  : eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, remove the stalk, dry and brak to pieces.

Action  : To check the upward flow of the stomach qi.

Indication  : hiccup

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

P301 2.jpg
Tcm187.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Diospyros kaki

Diospyros kaki in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Shidi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Kaki Calyx

Specific Name  : Calyx Kaki

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when the fruit is ripe, wash clean and dried in the sun

Description  : Oblate, 1.5-2.5cm in diameter, relatiely thick in the middle, slightly prominent with a rounded scar of fruit fallen off and somewhat thin at the edge, 4-lobed, the lobes frequently reflexed, easily broken. A fruit stalk or a pitted scar fruit stalk remained at the base. Outer surface yellowish-brown or reddish-brown, inner surface yellowish brown, densely covered with fine pubescences. Hard and fragile texture, odorless, taste astringent.

Identification  : To 2g of the powder add 10ml of 70% ethanol, warmly macerate for 2 hours, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness, dissolve the residue in 1ml of methanol and use as the test solution. Dissolve Gallic acid CRS in methanol to produce a solution containing 0.5mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B), using silica gel G containing sodium carboxymethylcellulose as the coating substance and toluence (saturated with water) methyl for- mate-formic acid (5:4:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 5µl of test solution and 2µl of the reference solution to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air, spray with 1% solution of ferric chloride in ethanol. A spot in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution corresponds in the color and position to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution.

Processing  : eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, remove the stalk, dry and brak to pieces.

Action  : To check the upward flow of the stomach qi.

Indication  : hiccup

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

P301 2.jpg
Tcm187.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Diospyros kaki

Diospyros kaki in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Shidi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Kaki Calyx

Specific Name  : Calyx Kaki

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when the fruit is ripe, wash clean and dried in the sun

Description  : Oblate, 1.5-2.5cm in diameter, relatiely thick in the middle, slightly prominent with a rounded scar of fruit fallen off and somewhat thin at the edge, 4-lobed, the lobes frequently reflexed, easily broken. A fruit stalk or a pitted scar fruit stalk remained at the base. Outer surface yellowish-brown or reddish-brown, inner surface yellowish brown, densely covered with fine pubescences. Hard and fragile texture, odorless, taste astringent.

Identification  : To 2g of the powder add 10ml of 70% ethanol, warmly macerate for 2 hours, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness, dissolve the residue in 1ml of methanol and use as the test solution. Dissolve Gallic acid CRS in methanol to produce a solution containing 0.5mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B), using silica gel G containing sodium carboxymethylcellulose as the coating substance and toluence (saturated with water) methyl for- mate-formic acid (5:4:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 5µl of test solution and 2µl of the reference solution to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air, spray with 1% solution of ferric chloride in ethanol. A spot in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution corresponds in the color and position to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution.

Processing  : eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, remove the stalk, dry and brak to pieces.

Action  : To check the upward flow of the stomach qi.

Indication  : hiccup

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

P301 2.jpg
Tcm187.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Diospyros kaki

Diospyros kaki in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Shidi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Kaki Calyx

Specific Name  : Calyx Kaki

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when the fruit is ripe, wash clean and dried in the sun

Description  : Oblate, 1.5-2.5cm in diameter, relatiely thick in the middle, slightly prominent with a rounded scar of fruit fallen off and somewhat thin at the edge, 4-lobed, the lobes frequently reflexed, easily broken. A fruit stalk or a pitted scar fruit stalk remained at the base. Outer surface yellowish-brown or reddish-brown, inner surface yellowish brown, densely covered with fine pubescences. Hard and fragile texture, odorless, taste astringent.

Identification  : To 2g of the powder add 10ml of 70% ethanol, warmly macerate for 2 hours, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness, dissolve the residue in 1ml of methanol and use as the test solution. Dissolve Gallic acid CRS in methanol to produce a solution containing 0.5mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B), using silica gel G containing sodium carboxymethylcellulose as the coating substance and toluence (saturated with water) methyl for- mate-formic acid (5:4:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 5µl of test solution and 2µl of the reference solution to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air, spray with 1% solution of ferric chloride in ethanol. A spot in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution corresponds in the color and position to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution.

Processing  : eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, remove the stalk, dry and brak to pieces.

Action  : To check the upward flow of the stomach qi.

Indication  : hiccup

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

P301 2.jpg
Tcm187.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Diospyros kaki

Diospyros kaki in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Shidi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Kaki Calyx

Specific Name  : Calyx Kaki

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when the fruit is ripe, wash clean and dried in the sun

Description  : Oblate, 1.5-2.5cm in diameter, relatiely thick in the middle, slightly prominent with a rounded scar of fruit fallen off and somewhat thin at the edge, 4-lobed, the lobes frequently reflexed, easily broken. A fruit stalk or a pitted scar fruit stalk remained at the base. Outer surface yellowish-brown or reddish-brown, inner surface yellowish brown, densely covered with fine pubescences. Hard and fragile texture, odorless, taste astringent.

Identification  : To 2g of the powder add 10ml of 70% ethanol, warmly macerate for 2 hours, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness, dissolve the residue in 1ml of methanol and use as the test solution. Dissolve Gallic acid CRS in methanol to produce a solution containing 0.5mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B), using silica gel G containing sodium carboxymethylcellulose as the coating substance and toluence (saturated with water) methyl for- mate-formic acid (5:4:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 5µl of test solution and 2µl of the reference solution to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air, spray with 1% solution of ferric chloride in ethanol. A spot in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution corresponds in the color and position to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution.

Processing  : eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, remove the stalk, dry and brak to pieces.

Action  : To check the upward flow of the stomach qi.

Indication  : hiccup

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Diospyros kaki

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Diospyros kaki

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Diospyros kaki in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Yujing Suo, Peng Sun, Huihui Cheng, Weijuan Han, Songfeng Diao, Huawei Li, Yini Mai, Xing Zhao, Fangdong Li, Jianmin Fu
A high-quality chromosomal genome assembly of Diospyros oleiferaCheng.
Gigascience: 2020, 9(1);
[PubMed:31944244] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Wei Wu, Miao-Miao Wang, Hui Gong, Xiao-Fen Liu, Da-Long Guo, Ning-Jing Sun, Jing-Wen Huang, Qing-Gang Zhu, Kun-Song Chen, Xue-Ren Yin
High CO2/hypoxia-induced softening of persimmon fruit is modulated by DkERF8/16 and DkNAC9 complexes.
J. Exp. Bot.: 2020;
[PubMed:31926021] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Yuhan Dong, Peihong Wang, Mengting Jiang, Shenchun Qu
##Title##
Oxid Med Cell Longev: 2019, 2019;1629845
[PubMed:31885771] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Qing-Gang Zhu, Yang Xu, Yong Yang, Chang-Fei Guan, Qiu-Yun Zhang, Jing-Wen Huang, Don Grierson, Kun-Song Chen, Bang-Chu Gong, Xue-Ren Yin
##Title##
Hortic Res: 2019, 6;138
[PubMed:31871686] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Tina Smrke, Martina Persic, Robert Veberic, Helena Sircelj, Jerneja Jakopic
Influence of reflective foil on persimmon (Diospyros kaki Thunb.) fruit peel colour and selected bioactive compounds.
Sci Rep: 2019, 9(1);19069
[PubMed:31836845] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects