Dioscorea hypoglauca

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Dioscorea hypoglauca

Dioscorea hypoglauca in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Fenbixie

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Hypoglaucous Collett Yam Rhizome

Specific Name  : Rhizoma dioscoreae hypoglaucae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn and winter, removed from the fibrous root, washed clean, cut into slices and dried in the sun.

Description  : Irregularly thin slices, border uneven, varying in size, about 0.5 mm thick, some with brownish black or greyish brown outer bark. Slice yellowish white or pale greyish brown, vascular bundles scattered. Texture loose, slightly elastic, odor weak, taste pungent and slightly bitter.

Identification  : 1.Transverse section: Suberized cells of more layers. Cortex narrow, cells tangentially elongated, walls slightly thickened, pits distinbct, mucilage cells scattered, containing raphides of calcium oxalate. Collateral and amphivasal vascular bundles scattered stele, parenchymatous cells walls slightly thickened with pits containing starch granules.Powder: Yellowish white, simple starch granules rounded ovoid or long elliptical, 5 - 32 µm in diameter up to 450 µm long, hilum pointed or cleft like, compound granules less, mostly composed of two components. Sclerenchymatous cells abundant, walls lignified, pits distinct, some similar to stone cells, polygonal, fusiform or sub rectangualr. 40 - 80 µm in diameter up to 224 µm long. Raphides of calcium oxalate 64 - 84 µm long.2.Macerate 10 g of the powder in 100 ml of water overnight, heat on a water bath at 60ºC for 10 minutes, filter while hot. Measure the filtrate each of 2 ml to two test tubes. To one tube add 2 ml of sodium hydroxide TS and to another tube add 2 ml of hydrochloric acid solution (1Õ20) stopper well. Shake vigorously for 1 minute, the foam produced in the alkaline solution in several times higher than that produced in acid solution.

Processing  :

Action  : To remove turbid damp, and to relieve rheumatic conditions.

Indication  : cyluria, turbid urine mixed with whitish substance or whitish discharge from urethra, excessive leukorrhea; rheumatic arthralgia with limitation of motion and pain in the loins and knees

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place.

P382 1.jpg
P382 2.jpg
Tcm p5514 01 010.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Dioscorea hypoglauca

Dioscorea hypoglauca in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Fenbixie ·ÛÝÉËZ Chinese Name (pinyin): Bixie

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Seven-lobed Yam

Specific Name  : Rhizoma Dioscoreae Septemlobae

Scientific Name:
Collection  :

Description  :

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  :

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6-10g

Storage  :

Synonymns for Dioscorea hypoglauca

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Dioscorea hypoglauca

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Dioscorea hypoglauca in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Xuejiao Li, Ying Wang, Jiachen Sun, Xia Li, Chengcheng Zhao, Ping Zhao, Shuli Man, Wenyuan Gao
Chemotaxonomic studies of 12 Dioscorea species from China by UHPLC-QTOF-MS/MS analysis.
Phytochem Anal: 2020, 31(2);164-182
[PubMed:31364208] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Chong Chen, Chen-Hong Zeng, Si-Qi Zhang, Li Wei
[Research progress of Bixie].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi: 2017, 42(18);3488-3496
[PubMed:29218932] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Shun-Cheng Tseng, Tai-Shan Shen, Chia-Chieh Wu, Ing-Lin Chang, Hsin-Yao Chen, Chen-Pu Hsieh, Chun-Hsiang Cheng, Chiu-Liang Chen
Methyl Protodioscin Induces Apoptosis in Human Osteosarcoma Cells by Caspase-Dependent and MAPK Signaling Pathways.
J. Agric. Food Chem.: 2017, 65(13);2670-2676
[PubMed:28301149] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

J Lu, R N S Wong, L Zhang, R Y L Wong, T B Ng, K F Lee, Y B Zhang, L X Lao, J Y Liu, S C W Sze
Comparative Analysis of Proteins with Stimulating Activity on Ovarian Estradiol Biosynthesis from Four Different Dioscorea Species in vitro Using Both Phenotypic and Target-based Approaches: Implication for Treating Menopause.
Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol.: 2016, 180(1);79-93
[PubMed:27131879] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Michele Barnabé, Cíntia Helena Coury Saraceni, Maristela Dutra-Correa, Ivana Barbosa Suffredini
The influence of Brazilian plant extracts on Streptococcus mutans biofilm.
J Appl Oral Sci: 2014, 22(5);366-72
[PubMed:25466471] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects