Dioscorea futschauensis

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Dioscorea futschauensis

Dioscorea futschauensis in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Mianbixie

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Sevenlobed Yam Rhizome

Specific Name  : Rhizoma dioscoreae septemlobae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn and winter, removed from fibrous root, washed clean, cut into slices and dried in the sun.

Description  : Irregularly oblique slices,, border uneven, varying in size, about 2 - 5 mm thick, externally yellowish brown or brownish black, sparsely bearing remains of fibrous roots, protruding conically. Cut surface greyish white to pale greyish brown, Yellowish brown spots of vascular bundles scattered. Texture loose, somewhat spongy, odour slight, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Powder: Pale yellowish brown, starch granules abundant, simple starch granules ovoid, ellipsoidal, sub spherical, triangular or irregular, some acute at one end, some knotty, 10 - 70 µm in diameter, hilum cleft like, V shaped, pointed, striations mostly indistinct. Needles of the calcium oxalate in bundles, 90 - 210 µm long. Parenchymatous cells polygonal, ellipsoid or rectangular, walls slightly thickened, pits distinct. Cork cells brownish yellow, polygonal, walls straight.

Processing  :

Action  : To remove turbid damp, and to relieve rheumatic conditions.

Indication  : gonorrhea with whitish discharge from the urethra, excessive leukorrhea; ulcers caused by damp-heat; arthalgia of the lumbar spine and knees

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place.

Synonymns for Dioscorea futschauensis

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Dioscorea futschauensis

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Dioscorea futschauensis in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

San-Long Wang, Bing Cai, Cheng-Bin Cui, Hong-Wei Liu, Chun-Fu Wu, Xin-Sheng Yao
Diosgenin-3-O-alpha-L-rhamnopyranosyl-(1 --> 4)-beta-D-glucopyranoside obtained as a new anticancer agent from Dioscorea futschauensis induces apoptosis on human colon carcinoma HCT-15 cells via mitochondria-controlled apoptotic pathway.
J Asian Nat Prod Res: 2004, 6(2);115-25
[PubMed:15008458] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Hong-Wei Liu, San-Long Wang, Bin Cai, Ge-Xia Qu, Xu-Juan Yang, Hisayoshi Kobayashi, Xin-Sheng Yao
New furostanol glycosides from the rhizomes of Dioscorea futschauensis R. Kunth.
J Asian Nat Prod Res: 2003, 5(4);241-7
[PubMed:14604232] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Hongwei Liu, Zhili Xiong, Famei Li, Gexia Qu, Hisayoshi Kobayashi, Xinsheng Yao
Two new pregnane glycosides from Dioscorea futschauensis R. KUNTH.
Chem. Pharm. Bull.: 2003, 51(9);1089-91
[PubMed:12951454] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

San-Long Wang, Bing Cai, Cheng-Bin Cui, Hong-Wei Liu, Chun-Fu Wu, Xin-Sheng Yao
[Apoptosis of human chronic myeloid leukemia k562 cell induced by prosapogenin B of dioscin (P.B) in vitro].
Ai Zheng: 2003, 22(8);795-800
[PubMed:12917022] (P p)

W H Liu, L S Wang, B Cai, S X Yao
Two new non-steroidal constituents from Dioscorea futschauensis R. Kunth.
Pharmazie: 2003, 58(3);214-5
[PubMed:12685817] [WorldCat.org] (P p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects