Daucus carota

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P307 1.jpg
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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Daucus carota

Daucus carota in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Nanheshi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Wild carrot fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus carotae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The fruit branch is cut in autumn when the fruit is ripe and dried in the sun. The fruit is tapped off and removed from foreign matter.

Description  : Cremocarp ellipsoidal, mostly separated into mericarp. Mericarp 3 - 4mm long, 1.5 - 2.5mm wide. Externally pale greenish brown or brownish yellow, apex bearing remains of a style, base obtuse, dorsal surface raised with 4 narrow winged subribs, each rib densely covered with 1 row of yellowish white hooks of each about 1.5mm long. The dented portion between every 2 ribs having indistinct main ribs, scattered with short hairs. Commissural surface flattened with 3 hairy veins. Kernel almost white, oily. Texture light, odor aromatic when rubbed, taste slightly pungent and bitter.Identification: Transverse section of mericarp: cells of exocarp 1 layer, parts of the cells differentiating to unicellular non-glandular hairs at the rib, hairs 86 - 390µm long. Large vittae occurring in mesocarp, 1 at the base of each subrib and 2 in the commissural surface. Vittae flattened oblong, 50 - 120µm in diameter, containing yellowish brown oil droplets, inner side of main ribs with fine vascular bundles. Endocarp consisting of 1 layer of flattened parenchymatous cells. Cells of testa containing reddish brown contents. Endosperm plump, parenchymatous cells polygonal with slightly thickened walls, containing fatty oil and aleurone grains with minute cluster of calcium oxalate.

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To kill worms, and to remove undigested food.

Indication  : ascariasis, oxyuriasis, taeniasis, abdominal pain caused by intestinal parasitosis; malnutrition and retention of undigested food due to improper feeding

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place.

P307 1.jpg
P482 2.jpg
Tcm46.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Daucus carota

Daucus carota in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Heshi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Carpesium Fruit

Specific Name  : Fructus carpesii

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn when ripe, removed from foreign matter and dried in the sun.

Description  : Cylindrical, small, 3 - 4mm long, less than 1mm in diameter. Externally yellowish brown or dark brown with numerous longitudinal ridges. One end contracted beak shaped with apex spread to form a greyish white ring, another end slightly acute bearing inbserted scars. Pericarp thin, fibrous, testa extremely thin and transparent, colytedons 2, almost white, slightly oily, odor charateristic, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Transverse section: cells of epicarp 1 row each containing columnar crystals of calcium oxalate. Several rows of brown parenchymatous cells of mesocarp shrunken with indistinct bounds, fibre bundles occurring at the ribs, consisting of several tens of thickened and lignified walled fibres, 1 row of endocarp cells dark brown. Cells of testa flattened, endosperm remained, parenchymatous cells of embryo filled with aleurone grains and fatty oil droplets, the outmost layer cells of cotyledon containing finne crystals of calcium oxalate.

Processing  :

Action  : To kill worms.

Indication  : ascariasis, oxyuriasis, taeniasis; abdominal pain or infantile malnutrition due to intestinal parasitosis

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

Synonymns for Daucus carota

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Daucus carota

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Daucus carota in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Domenico Aiello, Nicoletta Ferradini, Lorenzo Torelli, Chiara Volpi, Joep Lambalk, Luigi Russi, Emidio Albertini
##Title##
Plants (Basel): 2020, 9(2);
[PubMed:32024130] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Jinpeng Wang, Jigao Yu, Yuxian Li, Chendan Wei, He Guo, Ying Liu, Jin Zhang, Xiuqing Li, Xiyin Wang
Sequential Paleotetraploidization shaped the carrot genome.
BMC Plant Biol.: 2020, 20(1);52
[PubMed:32005164] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Nakao Kubo, Risa Yamashita, Michiyo Tani, Koji Ozaki, Toshiro Fujiwara, Yutaka Mimura
##Title##
Breed. Sci.: 2019, 69(4);688-695
[PubMed:31988634] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Sewar Emran, Bhagwat Nawade, Mosaab Yahyaa, Jackline Abu Nassar, Dorothea Tholl, Hanan Eizenberg, Mwafaq Ibdah
Broomrape infestation in carrot (Daucus carota): Changes in carotenoid gene expression and carotenoid accumulation in the parasitic weed Phelipanche aegyptiaca and its host.
Sci Rep: 2020, 10(1);324
[PubMed:31942014] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Carlos Flores-Ortiz, Lilia M Alvarez, Alejandro Undurraga, Daniela Arias, Felipe Durán, Guillermo Wegener, Claudia Stange
Differential role of the two ζ-carotene desaturase paralogs in carrot (Daucus carota): ZDS1 is a functional gene essential for plant development and carotenoid synthesis.
Plant Sci.: 2020, 291;110327
[PubMed:31928663] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects