Dalbergia odorifera

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Dalbergia odorifera

Dalbergia odorifera in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Jiangxiang ½µÏã Zijiangxiang ×ϽµÏã Chinese Name (pinyin): Jiangzhenxiang

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Dalbergia Wood

Specific Name  : Lignum Dalbergiae Odoriferae

Scientific Name:
Collection  :

Description  :

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  :

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3-6g

Storage  :

P292 1.jpg
Tcm p5514 01 023.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Dalbergia odorifera

Dalbergia odorifera in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Jiangxiang

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Rosewood

Specific Name  : Lignum dalbergiae odoriferae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected all year round, remove from the sap wood and dried in the shade.

Description  : In subcylindrical or irregular pieces. Externally purplish-red or reddih-brown, cut surface with dense striations. Texture hard, oily, odour slightly aromatic and taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : 1.Powder: Brownish-purple or yellowish-brown. Bordered pitted vessels very large up to about 300 µm in diameter when intact, mostly broken with large and distinct bordered pits containing reddish-brown or yellowish-brown contents. Fibres in bundles, brownish-red, 8 - 26µm in diameter, rather thick walled, some fibre bundles surrounded by cells containing prisms of calcium oxalate, forming crystal fibre, walls of crystal cells unequally lignified and thickened. Prisms of calcium oxalate 6 - 22µm in diameter. Wood ray 1 - 2 rows of cells wide up to 15 cells high, walls slightly thickened with relatively dense pits. Pigments masses reddish-brown, yellowish-brown or yellowish.2.Heat under reflux 2g of the powder in 20ml of ether for 30 minutes, filter, evaporate ether of the filtrate. Dissolve the residue in 1ml of ethanol as the test solution of 2g of Ligni Dalbergiae reference drug in the same manner as the reference drug solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B) using silica gel G as the coating substance and toluene-ether-chloroform (7:2:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately to the plate 2µl of each of the two solutions. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air, spray with a mixture of 10% vanillin sulfuric acid solution in dehydrated ethanol (1:9), heat at 105ºC about 10 minutes. The spots in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution correspond in position and color to the spots in the chromatogram obtained with the reference drug solution.3.Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B), using silica gel G as the coating substance and toluene-ethyl acetate (2:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately to the plate 2µl of each of the test solution and reference drug solution as described in the test (2) for Identification. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air and examine under ultra violet light (365nm). The fluorescent spots in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution correspond in position and colour to the spots in the chromatogram obtained with the reference drug solution.Extractives: Carry out the hot extraction method as described under the determination of ethanol-soluble extractives (Appendix X A) using ethanol as solvent. Not less than 8.0%.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, split to pieces and then pulverize to fine powder or cut into slices.

Action  : To relieve pain by promoting the circulation of qi and blood, and to arrest bleeding.

Indication  : epigastric pain, costal and hypochondriac pain due to stagnancy of liver qi, angina pectoris, traumatic injuries and bleeding

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g, to be added when the decoction is nearly done; for external use, appropriate quantity to be ground into fine powder and applied topically.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

Synonymns for Dalbergia odorifera

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Dalbergia odorifera

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Dalbergia odorifera in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Xiangsheng Zhao, Shihui Zhang, Dan Liu, Meihua Yang, Jianhe Wei
##Title##
Molecules: 2020, 25(2);
[PubMed:31963485] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Fei Li, Jialin Duan, Meina Zhao, Shaojie Huang, Fei Mu, Jing Su, Kedi Liu, Yang Pan, Xinming Lu, Jing Li, Peifeng Wei, Miaomiao Xi, Aidong Wen
A network pharmacology approach to reveal the protective mechanism of Salvia miltiorrhiza-Dalbergia odorifera coupled-herbs on coronary heart disease.
Sci Rep: 2019, 9(1);19343
[PubMed:31852981] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Xiangsheng Zhao, Canhong Wang, Hui Meng, Zhangxin Yu, Meihua Yang, Jianhe Wei
Dalbergia odorifera: A review of its traditional uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, and quality control.
J Ethnopharmacol: 2020, 248;112328
[PubMed:31654799] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Eun-Nam Kim, Yu Gyeong Kim, Jeong-Hyung Lee, Byung Sun Min, Gil-Saeng Jeong
6,7,4'-Trihydroxyflavone inhibits osteoclast formation and bone resorption in vitro and in vivo.
Phytother Res: 2019, 33(11);2948-2959
[PubMed:31478281] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Xiao Fei Li, Zeng Jiang Yang, Da Ping Xu, Zhi Yi Cui, Xiao Jin Liu
[Effects of weeding and fertilization on soil nitrogen mineralization and leaching in the mixed forest of Dalbergia odorifera and Santalum album]. [铲草和施肥对降香黄檀与印度檀香混交林土壤氮素矿化淋溶的影响.]
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao: 2019, 30(8);2575-2582
[PubMed:31418180] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects