Cynomorium songaricum

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Cynomorium songaricum

Cynomorium songaricum in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Suoyang

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Songaria Cynomorium Herb

Specific Name  : Herba cynomorii

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in spring, removed from influorences, cut into sections and dried in the sun.

Description  : Flattened cylindrical, slightly curved, 5 - 15cm long, 1.5 - 5cm in diameter. Externally brown, rough with distinct longitudinal furrows and irregular pits, some with remains of triangular, dark brown scales. Texture heavy, hard, uneasily broken, fracture pale brown with yellow triangular vascular bundles. Odour slight, taste sweet and astringent.

Identification  : To 0.5g of the powder, add 4ml of water, macerate for 15 minutes, shake and filter. Carry out the method of ascending paper chromatography (Appendix Vl A). Apply the quantity of the filtrate to the filter paper using n-propyl alcohol- glacial acetic acid- ethanol -water (4:1:1:2) as the mobile phase. After developing and removal of the paper, dry it in the air and spray with isatin TS, dry and heat at 100ºC for about 30 seconds, a bluish green spot is produced.

Processing  : Wash, soften thoroughly, cut into thin slices and dry.

Action  : To reinforce the kidney yang, to replenish vital essence, and blood, and to relax bowels.

Indication  : aching and weakness of the loins and knees; impotence, spermatorrhea, constipation

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place.

Synonymns for Cynomorium songaricum

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Cynomorium songaricum

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Cynomorium songaricum in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Sunny O Abarikwu, Chigozie Linda Onuah, Shio Kumar Singh
Plants in the management of male infertility.
Andrologia: 2020;e13509
[PubMed:31989693] [] [DOI] (I a)

Jipeng Shi, Yunfei Xu, Jie Guo, Xingxing Mu, Chengbo Wang, Xin Chen, Ji Zhang
Extraction, purification, characterization, and rheological properties of a glycoprotein from Cynomorium songaricum Rupr.
Biotechnol. Appl. Biochem.: 2020;
[PubMed:31981375] [] [DOI] (I a)

Jihang Chen, Pou Kuan Leong, Hoi Yan Leung, Wing Man Chan, Hoi Shan Wong, Kam Ming Ko
48Biochemical mechanisms of the anti-obesity effect of a triterpenoid-enriched extract of Cynomorium songaricum in mice with high-fat-diet-induced obesity.
Phytomedicine: 2019;153038
[PubMed:31378503] [] [DOI] (I a)

Fang-Ze Tian, Hong-Sheng Chang, Jian-Xun Liu, Junchao Zheng, Dan Cheng, Yi Lu
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med: 2019, 2019;9689325
[PubMed:31239867] [] [DOI] (P e)

Shaohua Fu, Siyuan Xu, Dong Pei, Wen Qu, Jingjing Qu, Jie Tian
[Subchronic toxicity test of songaria cynomorium herb aqueous extract in rat].
Wei Sheng Yan Jiu: 2019, 48(1);104-108
[PubMed:31032777] [] (P p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects