Cynanchum atratum

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P142 1.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Cynanchum atratum

Cynanchum atratum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Xianbaiwei ÏÊ°×Þ± Chinese Name (pinyin): Baiwei

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Swallowwort Root

Specific Name  : Radix cynanchi atrati

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in spring and autumn, washed clean and dried.

Description  : Rhizomes thick and short, knotty, mostly tortuous. Some rounded stem scars occurring at the upper part and numerous slender roots fascicled bilaterally at the lower part. Roots 10 - 25 cm long, 1 - 2 mm in diameter. Externally brownish yellow. Texture fragile, easily broken, fracture yellowish white in bark and yellow in wood. Odour slight and taste slightly bitter.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, soften thoroughly, cut into sections and dry.

Action  : To remove heat from blood, to relieve dysuria, and to counteract toxicity and cure sores.

Indication  : febrile diseases with invasion of the pathogenic factors into the blood; fever due to deficiency of yin, in phthisis, or due to deficiency of blood after delivery; acute urinary tract infection, dysuria with hematuria; carbuncles and other subcutaneous pyogenic infections

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated dry place.

P142 1.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Cynanchum atratum

Cynanchum atratum in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Xianbaiwei ÏÊ°×Þ± Chinese Name (pinyin): Baiwei

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Swallowwort Root

Specific Name  : Radix cynanchi atrati

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in spring and autumn, washed clean and dried.

Description  : Rhizomes thick and short, knotty, mostly tortuous. Some rounded stem scars occurring at the upper part and numerous slender roots fascicled bilaterally at the lower part. Roots 10 - 25 cm long, 1 - 2 mm in diameter. Externally brownish yellow. Texture fragile, easily broken, fracture yellowish white in bark and yellow in wood. Odour slight and taste slightly bitter.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, soften thoroughly, cut into sections and dry.

Action  : To remove heat from blood, to relieve dysuria, and to counteract toxicity and cure sores.

Indication  : febrile diseases with invasion of the pathogenic factors into the blood; fever due to deficiency of yin, in phthisis, or due to deficiency of blood after delivery; acute urinary tract infection, dysuria with hematuria; carbuncles and other subcutaneous pyogenic infections

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated dry place.

Synonymns for Cynanchum atratum

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Cynanchum atratum

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Cynanchum atratum in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Zartash Zahra, Muhammad Rashid Khan, Sayed Afzal Shah, Sonia Maryam, Muhammad Majid, Tahira Younis, Moniba Sajid
Vincetoxicum arnottianum ameliorate inflammation by suppressing oxidative stress and pro-inflammatory mediators in rat.
J Ethnopharmacol: 2020, 252;112565
[PubMed:31935495] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Yeon-Yong Kim, Soyoung Lee, Hyun-Jae Jang, Gayeong Hur, Seung Woong Lee, Kyungsook Jung, Seung-Jae Lee, Sang-Hyun Kim, Mun-Chual Rho
##Title##
Am. J. Chin. Med.: 2019, 47(8);1795-1814
[PubMed:31795744] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Gražina Slapšytė, Veronika Dedonytė, Aušra Adomėnienė, Juozas Rimantas Lazutka, Jūratė Kazlauskaitė, Ona Ragažinskienė, Petras Rimantas Venskutonis
Genotoxic properties of Betonica officinalis, Gratiola officinalis, Vincetoxicum luteum and Vincetoxicum hirundinaria extracts.
Food Chem. Toxicol.: 2019, 134;110815
[PubMed:31520668] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Min He, Tanja Grkovic, Jason R Evans, Christopher C Thornburg, Rhone K Akee, Jerell R Thompson, James A Whitt, Matthew J Harris, Jasmine A Loyal, John R Britt, Libin Jia, Jeffrey D White, David J Newman, Barry R O'Keefe
The NCI library of traditional Chinese medicinal plant extracts - Preliminary assessment of the NCI-60 activity and chemical profiling of selected species.
Fitoterapia: 2019, 137;104285
[PubMed:31386897] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Darwin S Sodhi, Stuart W Livingstone, Marta Carboni, Marc W Cadotte
Plant invasion alters trait composition and diversity across habitats.
Ecol Evol: 2019, 9(11);6199-6210
[PubMed:31236214] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects