- 1 Nomenclature
- 2 Historical Use of Cyathula officinalis
- 3 Background
- 4 Pharmaceutical Information
- 5 Evidence or the Use of Cyathula officinalis in the Treatment of Epilepesy
- 6 Safety
Historical Use of Cyathula officinalis
Cyathula officinalis in Traditional Chinese Medicine
Chinese Name (pinyin): Chuanniuxi
Chinese Name :
Common Name :Medicinal Cyathula root
Specific Name : Radix cyathulae
Collection : The drug is collected in autumn and winter, removed from root stock, rootlet and soil, baked or sun dried to half dryness. Piled up to be soften and then baked or sunned until dried completely.
Description : Subcylindrical, somewhat twisted, slightly tapering downward or less branched, 30 - 60 cm long, 0.5 - 3 cm in diameter. Externally yellowsih brown with longitudinal wrinkles, rootlet scars and numerous transversely protruding lenticels. Texture tenacious, uneasily broken, fracture pale yellow or brownish yellow, showing dotted vascular bundles arranged in several concentric circles. Odour slight and taste sweet.
Identification : Transverse section: Cork consisting of several layers of cells. Cortex narrow. Stele large, tertiary vascular bundles collateral, interruptedly arranged in 4 - 11 whorls, intrafascicular cambium at a ring at the inner side visible, vessels singly scattered in xylem, lignified, arranged radially. Wood fibres rather developed, sometimes tangentially elongated or arranged in an interrupted ring, vascular system usually separated into 2 - 9 strands of the center of root. Some sparsely scattered vessels elements visible. Parenchymatous cells containing sand crystal and prisms or callcium oxalate.Powder: Brown, sand crystal and prisms of calcium oxalate scattered or filled in parenchymatous cells. Bordered pitted vessels 10 - 80 µm in diameter, pits rounded or elongated transversely, alternative closely arranged, some vessel elements fusiform at the ends. Fibres slat shaped curved, tapering into the end, 8 - 25 µm in diameter, walls 3 - 5µm thick, pits simple oblique or V-shaped sometimes showing bordered pits, pit apertures crisscross, pit canals distinct, dense or sparse.Extractives: Carry out the cold extraction method as described under the determination of water-soluble extractives (Appendix X A), using the granules of the diameter less than 3 mm. Not less than 65.0%.
Processing : Eliminate foreign matter and root stock, wash clean, soften thoroughly, cut into thin slices and dry. In rounded slices, 0.1 - 0.2 cm thick, 0.5 - 3 cm in diameter. Externally greyish yellow, cut surfaces pale yellow or brownish yellow. Numerous yellow dotted vascular bundles visible.Stir fried with wine: Stir fry as described under the method for stir frying with wine (Appendix ll D) to dryness.
Action : To eliminate blood stasis and stimulate menstrual discharge, to allay arthralgia and ease the joint, and to relieve urinary disturbance.
Indication : amenorrhea with mass formation in the lower abdomen, detention after birth, arthalgia with contracture of the muscles and restrained movement of the legs, hematuria, traumatic injuries
Precautions : Contraindicated in pregnancy.
Dosage : 4.5 to 9 g.
Storage : Preserve in a cool and dry place, protected from moisture.
Synonymns for Cyathula officinalis
Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Cyathula officinalis
Evidence or the Use of Cyathula officinalis in the Treatment of Epilepesy
Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials
Randomized Controlled Trials
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