Curcuma zedoaria

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Tcm216.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Curcuma zedoaria

Curcuma zedoaria in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chuanyujin ´¨Óô½ð Guangyujin ¹ãÓô½ð Heiyujin ºÚÓô½ð Huangyujin »ÆÓô½ð Chinese Name (pinyin): Yujin

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Curcuma Root

Specific Name  : Radix curcumae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when stem and leaves wither, removed from soil and rootlets, steamed or boiled thoroughly and dried.

Description  : Wen Yujin: Oblong or ovoid, slightly compressed or curved, the two ends tapering, 3.5 - 7 cm long, 1.2 - 2.5 cm in diameter. Externally pale brown or greyish brown with irregular longitudinal wrinkles, the raised longitudinal wrinkles pale in colour. Texture compact fracture greyish brown and horny. Endodermis ring distinct. Odour slightly aromatic, taste slightly bitter. Huang Si Yujin: Fusiform, sometimes slender at one end. 2.5 - 4.5 cm long, 1 - 1.8 cm in diameter, externally brownish grey or greyish yellow with fine wrinkles. Fracture orange but edges brownish yellow to brownish red. Odour aromatic, taste pungent.Gui Yujin: Long conical or oblong. 2 - 6.5 cm long, 1 - 1.8 cm in diameter. Externally with sparse and shallow wrinkles or relatively coarse reticulate wrinkles. Odour slight, taste slightly pungent and bitter.LüSi Yujin: Long ellipsoid rather stout, 1.5 - 3.5cm long, 1 - 1.2 cm in diameter. Odour slight, taste weak.

Identification  : Transverse sectionWen Yujin: Epidermal cells sometimes remaining, the outer walls slightly thickened. Velamen narrow, composed of 4 - 8 layers of cells with slightly sinous and thin walls regularly arranged. Cortex ½ as wide as the diameter of the root, oil cells poorly visible, endodermis distinct. In stele, phloem bundle and xylem bundles 40 - 55 respectively, vessels 2 - 4 in xylem bundle and xylem fibres slightly lignified. Vessels polygonal thin walled, 20 - 90µm in diameter. All starch granules in parenchymatous cells gelatinized.Huang Si Yujin: The walls of the inner most layer of velamen thickened. Sometimes xylem vessels and fibres arranged in a continuous ring, oil cells numerous, pigment cells scattered throughout parenchyma.Gui Yujin: The walls of velamen occasionally thickened, the inner side of velamen showing 1 - 2 rows of sclerenchymatous cells arranged in a ring with distinct striations. Vessels subrounded up to 160µm in diameter.Lü Yujin: The cells of velamen not thickened. At the outside of the stele cortex frequently exhibiting pigment cells. Phloem bundle shriveled, xylem bundles more, 64 - 72 vessels flattened.Water: Carry out the determination of water (Appendix lX H, method 2) not more than 15.0%.Total ash: Not more than 9.0%

Processing  : Wash clean, soften thoroughly, cut into thin slices and dry, or wash clean, dry, and then break to pieces.

Action  :

Indication  : amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, distending or pricking pain in the chest and abdomen; impairment of consciousness in febrile diseases, epilepsy, mania; jaundice with dark urine

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3-10g

Storage  :

Tcm216.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Curcuma zedoaria

Curcuma zedoaria in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chuanyujin ´¨Óô½ð Guangyujin ¹ãÓô½ð Heiyujin ºÚÓô½ð Huangyujin »ÆÓô½ð Chinese Name (pinyin): Yujin

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Curcuma Root

Specific Name  : Radix curcumae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when stem and leaves wither, removed from soil and rootlets, steamed or boiled thoroughly and dried.

Description  : Wen Yujin: Oblong or ovoid, slightly compressed or curved, the two ends tapering, 3.5 - 7 cm long, 1.2 - 2.5 cm in diameter. Externally pale brown or greyish brown with irregular longitudinal wrinkles, the raised longitudinal wrinkles pale in colour. Texture compact fracture greyish brown and horny. Endodermis ring distinct. Odour slightly aromatic, taste slightly bitter. Huang Si Yujin: Fusiform, sometimes slender at one end. 2.5 - 4.5 cm long, 1 - 1.8 cm in diameter, externally brownish grey or greyish yellow with fine wrinkles. Fracture orange but edges brownish yellow to brownish red. Odour aromatic, taste pungent.Gui Yujin: Long conical or oblong. 2 - 6.5 cm long, 1 - 1.8 cm in diameter. Externally with sparse and shallow wrinkles or relatively coarse reticulate wrinkles. Odour slight, taste slightly pungent and bitter.LüSi Yujin: Long ellipsoid rather stout, 1.5 - 3.5cm long, 1 - 1.2 cm in diameter. Odour slight, taste weak.

Identification  : Transverse sectionWen Yujin: Epidermal cells sometimes remaining, the outer walls slightly thickened. Velamen narrow, composed of 4 - 8 layers of cells with slightly sinous and thin walls regularly arranged. Cortex ½ as wide as the diameter of the root, oil cells poorly visible, endodermis distinct. In stele, phloem bundle and xylem bundles 40 - 55 respectively, vessels 2 - 4 in xylem bundle and xylem fibres slightly lignified. Vessels polygonal thin walled, 20 - 90µm in diameter. All starch granules in parenchymatous cells gelatinized.Huang Si Yujin: The walls of the inner most layer of velamen thickened. Sometimes xylem vessels and fibres arranged in a continuous ring, oil cells numerous, pigment cells scattered throughout parenchyma.Gui Yujin: The walls of velamen occasionally thickened, the inner side of velamen showing 1 - 2 rows of sclerenchymatous cells arranged in a ring with distinct striations. Vessels subrounded up to 160µm in diameter.Lü Yujin: The cells of velamen not thickened. At the outside of the stele cortex frequently exhibiting pigment cells. Phloem bundle shriveled, xylem bundles more, 64 - 72 vessels flattened.Water: Carry out the determination of water (Appendix lX H, method 2) not more than 15.0%.Total ash: Not more than 9.0%

Processing  : Wash clean, soften thoroughly, cut into thin slices and dry, or wash clean, dry, and then break to pieces.

Action  :

Indication  : amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, distending or pricking pain in the chest and abdomen; impairment of consciousness in febrile diseases, epilepsy, mania; jaundice with dark urine

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3-10g

Storage  :

Synonymns for Curcuma zedoaria

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Curcuma zedoaria

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Curcuma zedoaria in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Letizia Bresciani, Claudia Favari, Luca Calani, Veronica Francinelli, Antonella Riva, Giovanna Petrangolini, Pietro Allegrini, Pedro Mena, Daniele Del Rio
The Effect of Formulation of Curcuminoids on Their Metabolism by Human Colonic Microbiota.
Molecules: 2020, 25(4);
[PubMed:32093121] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Wenhao Weng, Ajay Goel
Curcumin and Colorectal Cancer: An Update and Current Perspective On This Natural Medicine.
Semin. Cancer Biol.: 2020;
[PubMed:32088363] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Ting Lu, Yong Bian, Yan Zhu, Mengjie Guo, Ye Yang, Jianming Guo, Chunyan Gu, Jin-Ao Duan
HUANGKUISIWUFANG inhibits pyruvate dehydrogenase to improve glomerular injury in anti-Thy1 nephritis model.
J Ethnopharmacol: 2020;
[PubMed:32087318] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Roberto de Oliveira Portella, Marcia Ortiz Mayo Marques, Elizabeth Orika Ono, Paulo Sérgio Siberti da Silva, Adalton Mazetti Fernandes, Luiz Fernando Rolim de Almeida
##Title##
Nat. Prod. Res.: 2020;1-4
[PubMed:32081040] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Peng Liu, Kang Miao, Lei Zhang, Yong Mou, Yongjian Xu, Weining Xiong, Jun Yu, Yi Wang
Curdione ameliorates bleomycin-induced pulmonary fibrosis by repressing TGF-β-induced fibroblast to myofibroblast differentiation.
Respir. Res.: 2020, 21(1);58
[PubMed:32075634] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects