Curcuma phaeoculis

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Curcuma phaeoculis

Curcuma phaeoculis in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Cuezhu ´×Ý­Êõ Pengezhu ÅîÝ­Êõ Chinese Name (pinyin): Ezhu

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Zodoary

Specific Name  : Rhizoma curcumae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when the aerial part wither, washed clean, steamed or boiled thoroughly, dried in the sun or dried at a low temperature, remove from fibrous root and foreign matter.

Description  : Rhizome of curcuma phaeocaulis: Ovoid, elongate ovaoid, conical or elongate fusiform, frequently apex obtuse and rounded, 2 - 8 cm long, 1.5 - 4 cm in diameter. Externally greyish yellow to greyish brown, the upper part with conspicously raised annulated and rounded and slightly dented rootlet scars or remaining rootlets, some exhibiting a row concave bud scars and subrounded lateral rhizome scars on two sides, respectively and showing knife cut traces. Heavy, texture hard, fracture greyish brown or bluish brown, waxy, usually with greyish brown powdery, bark stele easily detachable, endodermal ring deep brown. Odour slight aromatic, taste slight bitter and pungent.Rhizome of curcuma kwangsiensis: Slightly raised annulated, fracture yellowish brown to brown, usually wioth pale yellow powdery, endodermal ring yellowish white.Rhizome of Curcuma wenyujin: Fracture yellowish brown to dark brown, usually with pale yellow to yellowish brown powdery. Odour aromatic or slightly aromatic.

Identification  : Transverse section: Cork consisting of several layers of cells, sometimes removed, cortex scattered with leaf trace bundles, endodermis distinct. Stele broad vascular bundles collateral and scattered, some of them relatively small along pericycle, relatively close arranged. Parenchymatous cells filled with gelatinous starch masses, some cells containing golden oily matter scattered in parenchyma.Absorbance: Weigh accurately 30 mg of the medium size powder (through No. 4 sieve), add 10 ml of chloroform, ultrasonicate for 40 minutes or macerate for 24 hours, filter in a 10 ml of volumetric flask, wash the residue with chloroform and dilute to volume and mix well. Carry out the method for spectrophotometry (Appendix V A), the resulting solution exhibits a maximum at 242 nm and the absorbance is not less than 0.45.Assay: Carry out the method for determination of volatile oil (Appendix D). It contains not less than 1.5% of volatile oil (ml/g)

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, soak slightly, wash clean, steamed to be soft, cut into slices and dry.Processed with vinegar: Stir fry as described under the method for stir frying with vinegar (Appendix ll D), boil thoroughly, cut into thin slices and dry.

Action  : To promote the flow of qi and eliminate blood stasis with strong effect, and to relieve pain by removing the stagnation of undigested food.

Indication  : mass in the abdomen, amenorrhea due to blood stasis; distension and pain due to stagnation of undigested food; early stage carcinoma of cervix

Precautions  : Contraindicated in pregnancy.

Dosage  : 6 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Curcuma phaeoculis

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Curcuma phaeoculis

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Curcuma phaeoculis in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Melania Maria Serafini, Michele Catanzaro, Francesca Fagiani, Elena Simoni, Roberta Caporaso, Marco Dacrema, Irene Romanoni, Stefano Govoni, Marco Racchi, Maria Daglia, Michela Rosini, Cristina Lanni
Modulation of Keap1/Nrf2/ARE Signaling Pathway by Curcuma- and Garlic-Derived Hybrids.
Front Pharmacol: 2019, 10;1597
[PubMed:32047434] [] [DOI] (P e)

Nicola Veronese
Reply to: "Bio-optimized Curcuma longa extract is efficient on knee osteoarthritis pain: a double-blind multicenter randomized placebo controlled three-arm study".
Arthritis Res. Ther.: 2020, 22(1);21
[PubMed:32046789] [] [DOI] (I e)

Yves Henrotin, Anne-Françoise Donneau, Kurt de Vlam, Ruth Wittoek, Frank Luyten
Responses to "Bio-optimized Curcuma longa extract is efficient on knee osteoarthritis pain: a double-blind multicenter randomized placebo controlled three-arm study": authors' reply.
Arthritis Res. Ther.: 2020, 22(1);23
[PubMed:32046787] [] [DOI] (I e)

Jean-Pierre Pelletier, Jean-Pierre Raynauld
Response to "Bio-optimized Curcuma longa extract is efficient on knee osteoarthritis pain: a double-blind multicenter randomized placebo controlled three-arm study".
Arthritis Res. Ther.: 2020, 22(1);22
[PubMed:32046776] [] [DOI] (I e)

Saleh A Almatroodi, Faris Alrumaihi, Mohammed A Alsahli, Mazen Fahad Alhommrani, Arif Khan, Arshad Husain Rahmani
Curcumin, an Active Constituent of Turmeric Spice: Implication in the Prevention of Lung Injury Induced by Benzo(a) Pyrene (BaP) in Rats.
Molecules: 2020, 25(3);
[PubMed:32046055] [] [DOI] (I e)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects