Curcuma phaeocaulis

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Curcuma phaeocaulis

Curcuma phaeocaulis in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chuanyujin ´¨Óô½ð Guangyujin ¹ãÓô½ð Heiyujin ºÚÓô½ð Huangyujin »ÆÓô½ð Chinese Name (pinyin): Yujin

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Curcuma Root

Specific Name  : Radix curcumae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when stem and leaves wither, removed from soil and rootlets, steamed or boiled thoroughly and dried.

Description  : Wen Yujin: Oblong or ovoid, slightly compressed or curved, the two ends tapering, 3.5 - 7 cm long, 1.2 - 2.5 cm in diameter. Externally pale brown or greyish brown with irregular longitudinal wrinkles, the raised longitudinal wrinkles pale in colour. Texture compact fracture greyish brown and horny. Endodermis ring distinct. Odour slightly aromatic, taste slightly bitter. Huang Si Yujin: Fusiform, sometimes slender at one end. 2.5 - 4.5 cm long, 1 - 1.8 cm in diameter, externally brownish grey or greyish yellow with fine wrinkles. Fracture orange but edges brownish yellow to brownish red. Odour aromatic, taste pungent.Gui Yujin: Long conical or oblong. 2 - 6.5 cm long, 1 - 1.8 cm in diameter. Externally with sparse and shallow wrinkles or relatively coarse reticulate wrinkles. Odour slight, taste slightly pungent and bitter.LüSi Yujin: Long ellipsoid rather stout, 1.5 - 3.5cm long, 1 - 1.2 cm in diameter. Odour slight, taste weak.

Identification  : Transverse sectionWen Yujin: Epidermal cells sometimes remaining, the outer walls slightly thickened. Velamen narrow, composed of 4 - 8 layers of cells with slightly sinous and thin walls regularly arranged. Cortex ½ as wide as the diameter of the root, oil cells poorly visible, endodermis distinct. In stele, phloem bundle and xylem bundles 40 - 55 respectively, vessels 2 - 4 in xylem bundle and xylem fibres slightly lignified. Vessels polygonal thin walled, 20 - 90µm in diameter. All starch granules in parenchymatous cells gelatinized.Huang Si Yujin: The walls of the inner most layer of velamen thickened. Sometimes xylem vessels and fibres arranged in a continuous ring, oil cells numerous, pigment cells scattered throughout parenchyma.Gui Yujin: The walls of velamen occasionally thickened, the inner side of velamen showing 1 - 2 rows of sclerenchymatous cells arranged in a ring with distinct striations. Vessels subrounded up to 160µm in diameter.Lü Yujin: The cells of velamen not thickened. At the outside of the stele cortex frequently exhibiting pigment cells. Phloem bundle shriveled, xylem bundles more, 64 - 72 vessels flattened.Water: Carry out the determination of water (Appendix lX H, method 2) not more than 15.0%.Total ash: Not more than 9.0%

Processing  : Wash clean, soften thoroughly, cut into thin slices and dry, or wash clean, dry, and then break to pieces.

Action  :

Indication  : amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, distending or pricking pain in the chest and abdomen; impairment of consciousness in febrile diseases, epilepsy, mania; jaundice with dark urine

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3-10g

Storage  :

Synonymns for Curcuma phaeocaulis

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Curcuma phaeocaulis

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Curcuma phaeocaulis in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Hyun-Jae Jang, Hyung-Jin Lim, Eun-Jae Park, Seung-Jae Lee, Soyoung Lee, Seung Woong Lee, Mun-Chual Rho
STAT3-inhibitory activity of sesquiterpenoids and diterpenoids from Curcuma phaeocaulis.
Bioorg. Chem.: 2019, 93;103267
[PubMed:31586702] [] [DOI] (I p)

Shen Song, Li-Yun Gu, Jin-Guo Xu, Xiao-Bing Cui, Sha-Li DU, Wei-Dong Li
[UFLC-Q-TOF-MS fingerprints of rhizome of Curcuma phaeocaulis and its vinegar processed products and inhibitory effect on thrombosis].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi: 2019, 44(12);2511-2518
[PubMed:31359718] [] [DOI] (P p)

Herong Cui, Beibei Zhang, Guoping Li, Lei Li, Hongshan Chen, Jinchai Qi, Wenxue Liu, Jing Chen, Penglong Wang, Haimin Lei
Identification of a Quality Marker of Vinegar-Processed Curcuma Zedoaria on Oxidative Liver Injury.
Molecules: 2019, 24(11);
[PubMed:31151312] [] [DOI] (I e)

Hyun-Jae Jang, Eun-Jae Park, Seung-Jae Lee, Hyung-Jin Lim, Jin Ha Jo, Seung Woong Lee, Mun-Chual Rho
Diarylheptanoids from Curcuma phaeocaulis Suppress IL-6-Induced STAT3 Activation.
Planta Med.: 2019, 85(2);94-102
[PubMed:30096715] [] [DOI] (I p)

Zhimin Chen, Wenbing Li, Liang Quan, Haiting Zhou, Yongfeng Zhao, Xi Zhang, Lin Hu, Changjiang Hu
The Effects of Curcumae Longae Radix, Curcuma phaeocaulis Radix and Their Processed Products on Epo/EpoR Pathway and CD62p.
Front Pharmacol: 2018, 9;736
[PubMed:30038572] [] [DOI] (P e)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects