Curcuma aromatica

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Tcm216.jpg
Tcm p52 0038.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Curcuma aromatica

Curcuma aromatica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chuanyujin ´¨Óô½ð Guangyujin ¹ãÓô½ð Heiyujin ºÚÓô½ð Huangyujin »ÆÓô½ð Chinese Name (pinyin): Yujin

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Curcuma Root

Specific Name  : Radix curcumae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in winter when stem and leaves wither, removed from soil and rootlets, steamed or boiled thoroughly and dried.

Description  : Wen Yujin: Oblong or ovoid, slightly compressed or curved, the two ends tapering, 3.5 - 7 cm long, 1.2 - 2.5 cm in diameter. Externally pale brown or greyish brown with irregular longitudinal wrinkles, the raised longitudinal wrinkles pale in colour. Texture compact fracture greyish brown and horny. Endodermis ring distinct. Odour slightly aromatic, taste slightly bitter. Huang Si Yujin: Fusiform, sometimes slender at one end. 2.5 - 4.5 cm long, 1 - 1.8 cm in diameter, externally brownish grey or greyish yellow with fine wrinkles. Fracture orange but edges brownish yellow to brownish red. Odour aromatic, taste pungent.Gui Yujin: Long conical or oblong. 2 - 6.5 cm long, 1 - 1.8 cm in diameter. Externally with sparse and shallow wrinkles or relatively coarse reticulate wrinkles. Odour slight, taste slightly pungent and bitter.LüSi Yujin: Long ellipsoid rather stout, 1.5 - 3.5cm long, 1 - 1.2 cm in diameter. Odour slight, taste weak.

Identification  : Transverse sectionWen Yujin: Epidermal cells sometimes remaining, the outer walls slightly thickened. Velamen narrow, composed of 4 - 8 layers of cells with slightly sinous and thin walls regularly arranged. Cortex ½ as wide as the diameter of the root, oil cells poorly visible, endodermis distinct. In stele, phloem bundle and xylem bundles 40 - 55 respectively, vessels 2 - 4 in xylem bundle and xylem fibres slightly lignified. Vessels polygonal thin walled, 20 - 90µm in diameter. All starch granules in parenchymatous cells gelatinized.Huang Si Yujin: The walls of the inner most layer of velamen thickened. Sometimes xylem vessels and fibres arranged in a continuous ring, oil cells numerous, pigment cells scattered throughout parenchyma.Gui Yujin: The walls of velamen occasionally thickened, the inner side of velamen showing 1 - 2 rows of sclerenchymatous cells arranged in a ring with distinct striations. Vessels subrounded up to 160µm in diameter.Lü Yujin: The cells of velamen not thickened. At the outside of the stele cortex frequently exhibiting pigment cells. Phloem bundle shriveled, xylem bundles more, 64 - 72 vessels flattened.Water: Carry out the determination of water (Appendix lX H, method 2) not more than 15.0%.Total ash: Not more than 9.0%

Processing  : Wash clean, soften thoroughly, cut into thin slices and dry, or wash clean, dry, and then break to pieces.

Action  :

Indication  : amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, distending or pricking pain in the chest and abdomen; impairment of consciousness in febrile diseases, epilepsy, mania; jaundice with dark urine

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3-10g

Storage  :

Tcm216.jpg
Tcm p52 0038.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Curcuma aromatica

Curcuma aromatica in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Pianjianghuang

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :

Specific Name  : Rhizoma wenyujin concisum

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn when stem and leaf withered, wash clean, removed from fibrous root, cut into thick slice and dry in he sun.

Description  : Long rounded or irregularly sliced, varying in size, 3 - 6 cm long, 1 - 3 cm wide, 1 - 4 mm thick. The outer bark greyish yellow, rough and uneven with numerous annular nodes and fibrous root scars, transversely cut surface yellowish white to brownish yellow with an annular ring and numerous dotted vascular bundles. Texture hard and fragile, fracture greyish white to brownish yellow, somewhat starchy. Odor characteristic and aromatic, taste slightly bitter, pungent and cool.

Identification  : 1.Transverse section: Epidermal cells remained, outer walls slightly thickened. Cork consisting of more layers of cells. Cork consisting of more layers of cells. Cortex scattered with leaf trace vascular bundles, endodermis distinct. Stele large, vascular bundles collateral, relatively small and arrange densely. Some xylem with 1 or 2 vessels only, the center of the stele relatively large and accompanied by thin walled fibres. Parenchyma scattered with oil cells in cortex and stele. Parenchymatous cells containing starch granules.2.Shake 0.5g of the powder with 5 ml of petroleum ether for 5 minutes and filter. Spot the filtrate on a piece of filter paper, allow to dry briefly, add 1 drop of vanillin Ts, a cherry red color is produced.3.To 1 g of the powder add 5 ml of petroleum ether (30 - 60ºC), shake constantly about 30 minutes and filter. Add petroleum ether in the filtrate to 5 ml, use as the test solution. Prepare a solution of 1 g of Rhizoma Wenyujin Concisa reference drug in the same manner as the reference drug solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B), using silica gel G as the coating substance and petroleum ether (30 - 60ºC-ethyl acetate (85:15) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 2 µl of each of the two solutions to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air, spray with 1% solution of vanilin in sulfuric acid, heat at 100ºC for several minutes until spots appear distinctly. The spots in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution correspond in position and color to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution.

Processing  :

Action  : To eliminate blood stasis, promote the flow of qi, stimulate the menstrual discharge and relieve pain.

Indication  :

Precautions  : Used with caution in pregnancy.

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Curcuma aromatica

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Curcuma aromatica

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Curcuma aromatica in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Yusheng Jia, Mengmeng Sun, Yuhua Shi, Zhihui Zhu, Eduard van Wijk, Roeland van Wijk, Tinde van Andel, Mei Wang
A comparative study of aged and contemporary Chinese herbal materials by using delayed luminescence technique.
Chin Med: 2020, 15;6
[PubMed:31969930] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Hui Fang, Beibei Gao, Yingli Zhao, Xing Fang, Maohong Bian, Quan Xia
Curdione inhibits thrombin-induced platelet aggregation via regulating the AMP-activated protein kinase-vinculin/talin-integrin αIIbβ3 sign pathway.
Phytomedicine: 2019, 61;152859
[PubMed:31039534] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Noura S Dosoky, Prabodh Satyal, William N Setzer
##Title##
Foods: 2019, 8(2);
[PubMed:30717336] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Bo Cai, Limin Ma, Shaojun Nong, You Wu, Xin Guo, Jinxian Pu
β-elemene induced anticancer effect in bladder cancer through upregulation of PTEN and suppression of AKT phosphorylation.
Oncol Lett: 2018, 16(5);6019-6025
[PubMed:30333873] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Juxiang Liu, Lianli Zhang, Dan Liu, Baocai Li, Mi Zhang
Neuroprotective Effects of Extracts from the Radix Curcuma aromatica on H2O2-induced Damage in PC12 Cells.
Comb. Chem. High Throughput Screen.: 2018, 21(8);571-582
[PubMed:30289064] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects