Cremastra apendiculata

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Cremastra apendiculata

Cremastra apendiculata in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Shancigu

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Appendiculate Cremastra Pseudo-bulb

Specific Name  : Pseudobulbus cremastrae seu pleniones

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn and summer, removed from the aerial part and soil, sorted according to size, steamed thoroughly with boiling water and dried.

Description  : Maocigu: Irregularly oblate or conical, top gradually protruding, base with rootlet scars, 1.8 - 3 cm long. The swollen part 1 - 2 cm in diameter. External yellowish brown or brown, with longitudinal wrinkles and furrows and exhibiting 2 - 3 slight prominent, ringed nodes with remains of some fusiform fibres derived from the withering and decaying scaly leaves. Texture hard, not easily broken, fracture greyish white or yellowish white, slightly horny. Odour slight and taste weak and sticky.Bingqiuzi: Conical, bottle neck like or irregular masses, 1 - 2cm in diameter. 1.5 - 2.5cm high. Top acuminate, the broken tip dish shaped, base swollen and rounded flattened, dented at the middle with 1 - 2 ringed nodes, mostly inclined to one side. Externally yellowish white for the peeled drug and brownish for the unpeeled, smooth with irregular wrinkles. Fracture yellowish, horny and translucent.Identification: Transverse section: Macigu The outer most consisting of a layer of flattened epidermal cells, 2 - 3 layers of sclerenchymatous cells beneath, yellowish. The inner most consisting of large subrounded parenchymatous cells containing mucilage and starch granules. Parenchymatous cells near epidermis containing raphides of calcium oxalate, 70 - 150µm long. Vascular bundles scattered, collateral.Bingqiuzi: Epidermal cells tangentially elongated, starch granules occurring in a small parenchymatous cells, vascular bundle sheath fibres crescent, occasionally double crescent.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, soak for about 1 hour, soften thoroughly, cut into thin slices and dry, or fry after washing. Pound to pieces before use.

Action  : To remove toxic heat, and to dissolve lumps.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

P35 1.jpg
P35 2.jpg
Tcm198.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Cremastra apendiculata

Cremastra apendiculata in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Shancigu

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Appendiculate Cremastra Pseudo-bulb

Specific Name  : Pseudobulbus cremastrae seu pleniones

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn and summer, removed from the aerial part and soil, sorted according to size, steamed thoroughly with boiling water and dried.

Description  : Maocigu: Irregularly oblate or conical, top gradually protruding, base with rootlet scars, 1.8 - 3 cm long. The swollen part 1 - 2 cm in diameter. External yellowish brown or brown, with longitudinal wrinkles and furrows and exhibiting 2 - 3 slight prominent, ringed nodes with remains of some fusiform fibres derived from the withering and decaying scaly leaves. Texture hard, not easily broken, fracture greyish white or yellowish white, slightly horny. Odour slight and taste weak and sticky.Bingqiuzi: Conical, bottle neck like or irregular masses, 1 - 2cm in diameter. 1.5 - 2.5cm high. Top acuminate, the broken tip dish shaped, base swollen and rounded flattened, dented at the middle with 1 - 2 ringed nodes, mostly inclined to one side. Externally yellowish white for the peeled drug and brownish for the unpeeled, smooth with irregular wrinkles. Fracture yellowish, horny and translucent.Identification: Transverse section: Macigu The outer most consisting of a layer of flattened epidermal cells, 2 - 3 layers of sclerenchymatous cells beneath, yellowish. The inner most consisting of large subrounded parenchymatous cells containing mucilage and starch granules. Parenchymatous cells near epidermis containing raphides of calcium oxalate, 70 - 150µm long. Vascular bundles scattered, collateral.Bingqiuzi: Epidermal cells tangentially elongated, starch granules occurring in a small parenchymatous cells, vascular bundle sheath fibres crescent, occasionally double crescent.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, soak for about 1 hour, soften thoroughly, cut into thin slices and dry, or fry after washing. Pound to pieces before use.

Action  : To remove toxic heat, and to dissolve lumps.

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place.

Synonymns for Cremastra apendiculata

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Cremastra apendiculata

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Cremastra apendiculata in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Liang Liu, Zhichen Zhao, Qimeng Yin, Xiaolu Zhang
##Title##
Front Pharmacol: 2019, 10;792
[PubMed:31379570] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Liang Liu, Qi-Meng Yin, Qian Gao, Jun Li, Yong Jiang, Peng-Fei Tu
##Title##
Nat. Prod. Res.: 2019;1-7
[PubMed:31117825] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Zhiyuan Li, Xiaohui Sun, Xiaoming Liu, Ziyuan Sun, Jingwei Li
Antitumor Effects of Ruyiping on Cell Growth and Metastasis in Breast Cancer.
Cancer Biother. Radiopharm.: 2019, 34(5);297-305
[PubMed:30901274] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Xiang Lv, Mingsheng Zhang, Xiaolan Li, Ruihua Ye, Xiaohong Wang
##Title##
Int J Mol Sci: 2018, 19(11);
[PubMed:30373177] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Ju-Hye Yang, Hyun Ju Do, Esther Lee, Nam-Hui Yim, Won-Kyung Cho, Kwang-Il Park, Jin Yeul Ma
Jageum-Jung improves 2,4-dinitrochlorobenzene-induced atopic dermatitis-like skin lesions in mice and suppresses pro-inflammatory chemokine production by inhibiting TNF-α/IFN-γ-induced STAT-1 and NFκB signaling in HaCaT cells.
J Ethnopharmacol: 2018, 221;48-55
[PubMed:29660465] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects