Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis

Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chenfoshou ³Â·ðÊÖ Foshougan ·ðÊÖ¸Ì Foshoupian ·ðÊÖƬ Xianfoshou ÏÊ·ðÊÖ Chinese Name (pinyin): Foshou

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Finger Citron

Specific Name  : Fructus citri sarcodactylis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn when the fruit is turning yellow, cut longitudinally into slices dried in the sun or at low temperature.

Description  : Subelliptical or ovate slices, usually wrinkled or curved, 6 - 10cm long, 3 - 7cm wide, 2 - 4mm thick. The apex somewhat wide, frequently with 3 - 5 finger shaped lobes and the base somewhat narrow, sometimes a scar of fruit stlk visible. Exocarp yellowish green or orange yellow with wrinkles and oil spots. Mesocarp yellowish white, scattered with uneven, linear or pointed vascular bundles. Texture hard and fragile but pliable when moistened, odor aromatic, taste slightly sweet then bitter.

Identification  : Parenchymatous cells of mesocarp numerous, irregular or subrounded, walls unevenly thickened. Epidermal cells of pericarp irregularly polygonal in surface view, stomata ocassionally visible. Parenchymatous cells containing numerous prisms of calcium oxalate with polygonal, rhombic or biconelike.2.To 1g of the powder add 10ml of dehydrated ethanol sonicate for 20 minutes, filter, evaporate ther filtrate to dryness, dissolve it in 0.5ml of dehydrated ethanol and use it as the test solution. Prepare a solution of Fructus Citri Sarcodacctylis reference drug in the same manner as the reference drug solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (Appendix Vl B) using silica gel G as the coating substance and n-cyclohexane-ethyl acetate (3:1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 2µl of each of the above two solutions to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air, examine under ultra violet light (365nm). A spot in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution correspond in position and color to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference drug solution.Water: Carry out the method for determination of water (Appendix lX H) not more than 15%.Extractives: Carry out the method for determination of ethanol soluble extractives, hot extraction method (Appendix X A), using ethanol as the solvent, not less than 10.0%.

Processing  :

Action  : To regulate the qi of the liver and stomach, and relieve pain.

Indication  : stagnation of liver and stomach qi marked by distension and pain in the chest and hypochondriac regions, stuffiness feeling in the stomach, anorexia and vomiting

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from mould and moth.

Synonymns for Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Citrus medica var. sarcodactylis in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Amer Ali Mahdi, Jalaleldeen Khaleel Mohammed, Waleed Al-Ansi, Abduljalil D S Ghaleb, Qais Ali Al-Maqtari, Mengjiao Ma, Mohamed Ismael Ahmed, Hongxin Wang
Microencapsulation of fingered citron extract with gum arabic, modified starch, whey protein, and maltodextrin using spray drying.
Int. J. Biol. Macromol.: 2019;
[PubMed:31751737] [] [DOI] (I a)

Yaying Xu, Changqing Zhu, Changjie Xu, Jun Sun, Donald Grierson, Bo Zhang, Kunsong Chen
Molecules: 2019, 24(14);
[PubMed:31311090] [] [DOI] (I e)

Erwei Wang, Yaqin Li, Bibole Lubamba Maguy, Zaixiang Lou, Hongxin Wang, Wanqing Zhao, Xiaohua Chen
Separation and enrichment of phenolics improved the antibiofilm and antibacterial activity of the fractions from Citrus medica L. var. sarcodactylis in vitro and in tofu.
Food Chem: 2019, 294;533-538
[PubMed:31126496] [] [DOI] (I p)

Ze-Hua Li, Ming Cai, Yuan-Shuai Liu, Pei-Long Sun, Shao-Lei Luo
Molecules: 2019, 24(8);
[PubMed:31013583] [] [DOI] (I e)

Bao Peng, Yuanyuan Luo, Xianjing Hu, Liyan Song, Jianing Yang, Jianhua Zhu, Yao Wen, Rongmin Yu
Isolation, structural characterization, and immunostimulatory activity of a new water-soluble polysaccharide and its sulfated derivative from Citrus medica L. var. sarcodactylis.
Int. J. Biol. Macromol.: 2019, 123;500-511
[PubMed:30445084] [] [DOI] (I p)



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Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects