Cirsium setosum

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Cirsium setosum

Cirsium setosum in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Xiaojitan С¼»Ì¿ Chinese Name (pinyin): Xiaoji

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Field Thistle

Specific Name  : Herba cirsii

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn at flowering, remove from foreign matter and dried in the sun.

Description  : Stems cylindrical, sometimes branched in upper part, 5 - 30cm long. 2 - 5mm in diameter, externally greyish green or purplish with longitudinally ridges and white hairs, texture easily broken, fracture hollowed. Leaves alternate, sessile or short petioled, lamina crumpled or broken when whole, long elliptical or oblong lanceolate, 3 --12cm long, 0.5 - 3cm wide, margins entire oe serrulate to pinnatipartite, the tips of the serrations spinescent, the upper surfdace greenish brown and the lower surface greyish green, white pubescent on both surfaces. Capitulum solitary or several terminal, involucres campanulate, bracts 5 - 8 row, yellowish green, flower purplish red, odour slight, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : Leaf in surface view: the upper epidermal cells polygonal with straight anticlinal walls and a markedly striated cuticle, the lower epidermal cells with sinuous walls, stomata and non-glandular hairs occurring on both surfaces. Stomata anomocytic or anisocytic. Non-glandular hairs 3 - 10 or more celled with slender whip shaped apical cell, shrunken and twisted. Mesophyll cells containing crystals of calcium oxalate, mostly clustered raphides

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash clean, cut into sections and dry.Carbonized: stir fry as described under the method for carbonizing by stir frying (Appendix ll D) until it becomes balckish brown.

Action  : To arrest bleeding by reducing heat in blood, and to remove blood stasis and induce the subsidence of swelling.

Indication  : epistaxis, spitting of blood, hematuria, hematochezia, abnormal uterine bleeding, carbuncles and sores

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g; for oral administration; appropriate quantity of the fresh herb to be pound for topical application.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place.

Synonymns for Cirsium setosum

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Cirsium setosum

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Cirsium setosum in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

He Chen Wang, Yong Rui Bao, Shuai Wang, Tian Jiao Li, Xian Sheng Meng
Simultaneous determination of eight bioactive components of Cirsium setosum flavonoids in rat plasma using triple quadrupole LC/MS and its application to a pharmacokinetic study.
Biomed. Chromatogr.: 2019, 33(11);e4632
[PubMed:31264241] [] [DOI] (I p)

Xiuting Li, Xiangjian Zhong, Xin Wang, Jinjie Li, Jiachen Liu, Kaiqi Wang, Jianyu Yue, Ximiao Yang, Xiaoya Shang, Sheng Lin
Molecules: 2019, 24(10);
[PubMed:31091665] [] [DOI] (I e)

Peng-Cheng Lin, Lin-Lin Ji, Xiang-Jian Zhong, Jin-Jie Li, Xin Wang, Xiao-Ya Shang, Sheng Lin
Taraxastane-type triterpenoids from the medicinal and edible plant Cirsium setosum.
Chin J Nat Med: 2019, 17(1);22-26
[PubMed:30704619] [] [DOI] (I p)

Xiaoman Han, Guihua Meng, Qian Wang, Lin Cui, Hao Wang, Jianning Wu, Zhiyong Liu, Xuhong Guo
Mussel-inspired in situ forming adhesive hydrogels with anti-microbial and hemostatic capacities for wound healing.
J Biomater Appl: 2019, 33(7);915-923
[PubMed:30466349] [] [DOI] (I p)

Nianwei Chang, Yanmei Li, Mengge Zhou, Jie Gao, Yuanyuan Hou, Min Jiang, Gang Bai
The hemostatic effect study of Cirsium setosum on regulating α1-ARs via mediating norepinephrine synthesis by enzyme catalysis.
Biomed. Pharmacother.: 2017, 87;698-704
[PubMed:28088737] [] [DOI] (I p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects