Chrysanthemum morifolium

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Chrysanthemum morifolium

Chrysanthemum morifolium in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Baijuhua °×¾Õ»¨ Chujuhua ³ü¾Õ»¨ Ganjuhua ¸Ê¾Õ»¨ Hangjuhua º¼¾Õ»¨ Huangjuhua »Æ¾Õ»¨ Chinese Name (pinyin): Juhua

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Chrysanthemum Flower

Specific Name  : Flos chrysanthemi

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected by batches in September to November on flowering, dried in shade or by baking or dried in the sun after fuming and steaming. It is classified into "Boju", "Chuju" and "Hangju" according to different localities of production and variations in processing method

Description  : Boju: Obconical or cylindrical, sometimnes slightly compressed to fan shape, 1.5 - 3cm in diameter sparated. Involucre dish-shaped, bracts 3 - 4 layers, ovate or elliptical, hebaceous, yellowish green or brownish green, the outer surface covered with white hairs, margin membranous. Receptacle hemispherical without paleas or palea hairs. Ligulate florets, several rows, female; marginal whitish, strongly straight and upward, longitudinally folded and wrinkled. Golden grandular spots scattered, tubular florets abundant, hermaphrodite, occurring in the center, concealed by the ligulate florets, yellow with 5 terminal teeth. Achenes undeveloped, pappus absent, texture light and soft, lax and brittle when dried, odor pleasant and aromatic, taste sweet and slightly bitter.Chuju: Irregular spherical or oblate, 1.5 - 2.5cm in diameter, ligulate florets whitish, irregularly twisted curved inward, margin wrinkled, sometimes pale brown grandular spots visible, tubular florets mostly concealed.Gongju: Oblate or irregularly spherical, 1.5 - 2.5 cm in diameter, ligulate florets white or whitish, obliquely upward, the upper part folded outward, margin slightly curve inward and wrinkled, grandular spots usually absent, tubular florets few, exposed.Hangju: Dish shape or oblate, 2.5 - 4cm in diameter, often several connected forming plates, ligulate florets, whitish or yellow, spread flatly or folded slightly agglutinated to each other, grandular spots usually absent, tubular florets abundant, exposed.

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To dispel wind-heat, to subdue hyperactivity of the liver, and improve eyesight.

Indication  : wind-heat type common cold, headache and dizziness; inflammation of the eye; blurred vision

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in well closed containers, stored in a cool and dry place, protected from mould and moth.

P394 3.jpg
P395 3.jpg
P395 1.jpg
Tcm153a.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Chrysanthemum morifolium

Chrysanthemum morifolium in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Baijuhua °×¾Õ»¨ Chujuhua ³ü¾Õ»¨ Ganjuhua ¸Ê¾Õ»¨ Hangjuhua º¼¾Õ»¨ Huangjuhua »Æ¾Õ»¨ Chinese Name (pinyin): Juhua

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Chrysanthemum Flower

Specific Name  : Flos chrysanthemi

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected by batches in September to November on flowering, dried in shade or by baking or dried in the sun after fuming and steaming. It is classified into "Boju", "Chuju" and "Hangju" according to different localities of production and variations in processing method

Description  : Boju: Obconical or cylindrical, sometimnes slightly compressed to fan shape, 1.5 - 3cm in diameter sparated. Involucre dish-shaped, bracts 3 - 4 layers, ovate or elliptical, hebaceous, yellowish green or brownish green, the outer surface covered with white hairs, margin membranous. Receptacle hemispherical without paleas or palea hairs. Ligulate florets, several rows, female; marginal whitish, strongly straight and upward, longitudinally folded and wrinkled. Golden grandular spots scattered, tubular florets abundant, hermaphrodite, occurring in the center, concealed by the ligulate florets, yellow with 5 terminal teeth. Achenes undeveloped, pappus absent, texture light and soft, lax and brittle when dried, odor pleasant and aromatic, taste sweet and slightly bitter.Chuju: Irregular spherical or oblate, 1.5 - 2.5cm in diameter, ligulate florets whitish, irregularly twisted curved inward, margin wrinkled, sometimes pale brown grandular spots visible, tubular florets mostly concealed.Gongju: Oblate or irregularly spherical, 1.5 - 2.5 cm in diameter, ligulate florets white or whitish, obliquely upward, the upper part folded outward, margin slightly curve inward and wrinkled, grandular spots usually absent, tubular florets few, exposed.Hangju: Dish shape or oblate, 2.5 - 4cm in diameter, often several connected forming plates, ligulate florets, whitish or yellow, spread flatly or folded slightly agglutinated to each other, grandular spots usually absent, tubular florets abundant, exposed.

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To dispel wind-heat, to subdue hyperactivity of the liver, and improve eyesight.

Indication  : wind-heat type common cold, headache and dizziness; inflammation of the eye; blurred vision

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in well closed containers, stored in a cool and dry place, protected from mould and moth.

Synonymns for Chrysanthemum morifolium

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Chrysanthemum morifolium

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Chrysanthemum morifolium in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Ryutaro Aida, Katsutomo Sasaki, Satoshi Yoshioka, Naonobu Noda
Distribution of cell layers in floral organs of chrysanthemum analyzed with periclinal chimeras carrying a transgene encoding fluorescent protein.
Plant Cell Rep.: 2020;
[PubMed:32060603] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Iftikhar Ali Khan, Weimin Xu, Daoying Wang, Ang Yun, Asad Khan, Zhu Zongshuai, Muhammad Umair Ijaz, Cheng Yiqun, Muzahir Hussain, Ming Huang
Antioxidant potential of chrysanthemum morifolium flower extract on lipid and protein oxidation in goat meat patties during refrigerated storage.
J. Food Sci.: 2020;
[PubMed:32052442] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Sunghan Yim, Jeesun Lee, Hae Jo, Jeff Scholten, Ryan Willingham, Jim Nicoll, Sudhir M Baswan
Chrysanthemum Morifolium Extract And Ascorbic Acid-2-Glucoside (AA2G) Blend Inhibits UVA-Induced Delayed Cyclobutane Pyrimidine Dimer (CPD) Production In Melanocytes.
Clin Cosmet Investig Dermatol: 2019, 12;823-832
[PubMed:32009811] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Xiaoyan Hou, Xia Huang, Jianlong Li, Guangyang Jiang, Guanghui Shen, Shanshan Li, Qingying Luo, Hejun Wu, Meiliang Li, Xingyan Liu, Anjun Chen, Meng Ye, Zhiqing Zhang
##Title##
Antioxidants (Basel): 2020, 9(1);
[PubMed:31936550] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Weixin Liu, Bo Peng, Aiping Song, Jiafu Jiang, Fadi Chen
##Title##
Genes (Basel): 2019, 11(1);
[PubMed:31878242] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects