Carthamus tinctorius

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Carthamus tinctorius

Carthamus tinctorius in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Caohonghua ²Ýºì»¨ Nanhonghua ÄϺ컨 Chinese Name (pinyin): Honghua

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Safflower

Specific Name  : Flos carthami

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer when its colour turns from yellow to red and dried in the shade or in the sun.

Description  : The drug consist of tubular flowers without ovaries, 1 - 2cm long, externally reddish-yellow or red. Corolla tube slender, 5 lobed at the apex, the lobes narrowly belt shaped, 5 - 8mm long. Stamens 5, anthers aggregated to a tube, yellowish white. Stigma long cylindrical, slightly 2 cleft. Texture pliable, odour slightly aromatic, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To activate blood circulation and stimulate menstrual discharge, and to remove blood stasis and relieve pain.

Indication  : amenorrhea; dysmenorrhea; retention of lochia; formation of mass in the abdomen; traumatic injuries or sores with swelling and pain

Precautions  : Used with caution in pregnancy.

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place, protected from moisture and moth.

Synonymns for Carthamus tinctorius

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Carthamus tinctorius

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Carthamus tinctorius in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Jinfeng Chen, Xiaoyu Guo, Yingyuan Lu, Mengling Shi, Haidong Mu, Yi Qian, Jinlong Wang, Mengqiu Lu, Mingbo Zhao, Pengfei Tu, Yuelin Song, Yong Jiang
Pharmaceutics: 2020, 12(2);
[PubMed:32093170] [] [DOI] (P e)

Seyed Mohammad Reza Hassani, Reza Talebi, Sayyed Saeid Pourdad, Amir Mohammad Naji, Farzad Fayaz
In-depth genome diversity, population structure and linkage disequilibrium analysis of worldwide diverse safflower (Carthamus tinctorius L.) accessions using NGS data generated by DArTseq technology.
Mol. Biol. Rep.: 2020;
[PubMed:32062796] [] [DOI] (I a)

Xixi Zhao, Li Yu, Yulin Chen, Yu Wang, Haitong Wan, Jiehong Yang
Front Pharmacol: 2019, 10;1598
[PubMed:32038261] [] [DOI] (P e)

Tiziana Bacchetti, Camilla Morresi, Luisa Bellachioma, Gianna Ferretti
Antioxidant and Pro-Oxidant Properties of Carthamus Tinctorius, Hydroxy Safflor Yellow A, and Safflor Yellow A.
Antioxidants (Basel): 2020, 9(2);
[PubMed:32013224] [] [DOI] (P e)

Sen Liu, Yan Wang, Huijuan Wen, Xiaofang Sun, Yu Wang
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med: 2019, 2019;4050327
[PubMed:31949467] [] [DOI] (P e)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects