Calvatia lilacina

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Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Calvatia lilacina

Calvatia lilacina in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Maborong Âí²ªÈÞ Qingmabo ÇáÂí²ª Chinese Name (pinyin): Mabo

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Puffball

Specific Name  : Lasiosphaera seu calvatia

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn when ripe, remove from adhering soil and dried.

Description  : Sporophore of Calvita gigantea: Sterile base very small or absent. The remains of covering consisting of yellowish brown membranous exoperidium and relatively thick greyish yellow endoperidium, smooth, hard and fragile, falling off in pieces. Fruiting body pale bluish brown and unctuous to the touch.

Identification  : 1.Place a sample over the flame and shake slightly, the fine sparks are observed immediately after going out, much white and dense smoke is produced.2.Sporophore of Lasiosphaera fenzlii powder: Greyish brown, capillitium long, brownish, branched, interwoven each other, 2 - 4.5µm in diameter, thick walled, spore brown, globoid,4.5 - 5µm in diameter with minute spines, 1.5 - 3µm long. Sporophore of Cavitia gigantea powder: Pale bluish brown, capillitium slightly branched, rarely septate, 2.5 - 6µm in diameter. Spores pale bluish yellow, smooth or sometimes finely warted, 3,5 - 5µm in diameter Sporophore of Calvatia lilecina powder: Greyish purple, capilitium branched, saptate, 2 - 5µm in diameter, thick walled, spores 4 - 5.5µm in diameter with minute spines.3.Moisten 1g of the broken pieces in 8.ml of each of the ethanol and sodium hydroxide solution (0.1 mol/L) dry at a low temperature at 700ºC, cool. Dissolve the residue in 10ml of water, filter, the filtrates yields the reaction characteristic of phosphates

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter and break to pieces.

Action  : To remove heat from the lung and sooth sore throat, and to arrest bleeding.

Indication  : sore throat, cough, and hoarsness of voice caused by wind-heat in the lung; epistaxis, traumatic bleeding (external use)

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 1.5 to 6 g; for external use, appropriate quantity to be applied topically.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from dust.

Synonymns for Calvatia lilacina

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Calvatia lilacina

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Calvatia lilacina in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Jin-Yi Wu, Chi-Hung Chen, Wen-Huei Chang, King-Thom Chung, Yi-Wen Liu, Fung-Jou Lu, Ching-Hsein Chen
Anti-Cancer Effects of Protein Extracts from Calvatia lilacina, Pleurotus ostreatus and Volvariella volvacea.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med: 2011, 2011;982368
[PubMed:21792367] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Jwu-Guh Tsay, King-Thom Chung, Chung-Hung Yeh, Wan-Ling Chen, Chi-Hung Chen, Martin Hsiu-Chu Lin, Fung-Jou Lu, Jeng-Fong Chiou, Ching-Hsein Chen
Calvatia lilacina protein-extract induces apoptosis through glutathione depletion in human colorectal carcinoma cells.
J. Agric. Food Chem.: 2009, 57(4);1579-88
[PubMed:19182949] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Yuanzhen Wang, Yuqin Ke, Tingguo Pan
[Effects of different mycorrhizal fungi on physiological metabolism of tobacco seedlings].
Ying Yong Sheng Tai Xue Bao: 2002, 13(1);87-90
[PubMed:11962328] [WorldCat.org] (P p)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects