Bubalus bubalis

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Bubalus bubalis

Bubalus bubalis in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Shuiniujiao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Buffalo horn

Specific Name  : Cornu bubali

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is boiled with water, remove from bony plug and dried.

Description  : Somewhat flattened and curved conical, varying in length. The surface brownish-black or greyish-black with several transverse grooves on one side and densely transverse depressed stripes on the other side. The upper part gradually pointed with longitudinal stripes, the basal part somewhat triangular, hollowed. Texture horny, hard, odour slightly stinky and taste weak.Identification: Powder greyish brown, Irregular broken pieces pale greyish yellow. In longitudinal section, slender spindle shaped striations with longtudinal long slits and minute greyish brown pigment granules visible, In transverse section, spindle shaped striations parallely arranged, wave with many yellowish-brown pigment granules. The surface of some broken pieces relatively even, pigment granules and slit less, poorly visible.

Identification  :

Processing  : Wash clean, cut to slices or file to coarse powder.

Action  : To remove toxic heat, to reduce heat in blood, and to arrest convulsions.

Indication  : high fever, delirium and eruptions epidemic diseases; spitting of blood, epistaxis; convulsions and mania

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 15 to 30 g, to be decocted for more than 3 hours before other ingredients.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from mould.

Synonymns for Bubalus bubalis

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Bubalus bubalis

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Bubalus bubalis in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Lavinia Ciuca, Giuliano Borriello, Antonio Bosco, Luigi D'Andrea, Giuseppe Cringoli, Paolo Ciaramella, Maria Paola Maurelli, Antonio Di Loria, Laura Rinaldi, Jacopo Guccione
Animals (Basel): 2020, 10(3);
[PubMed:32235734] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Fangting Zhou, Yongyun Zhang, Xiaohong Teng, Yongwang Miao
Arch Anim Breed: 2020, 63(1);81-90
[PubMed:32232120] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

A Costa, G Neglia, G Campanile, M De Marchi
Milk somatic cell count and its relationship with milk yield and quality traits in Italian water buffaloes.
J. Dairy Sci.: 2020;
[PubMed:32229124] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Harpreet Singh, Parkash Singh Brar, Narinder Singh, Mustafa Hassan Jan, Mrigank Honparkhe, Shahbaz Singh Dhindsa
Effects of intra-uterine infusion of proteolytic enzymes on selected cytokine concentrations, uterine inflammation, and fertility in postpartum water buffalo cows with subclinical endometritis.
Anim. Reprod. Sci.: 2020, 215;106335
[PubMed:32216935] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

J Nourinezhad, M Abedini, M M Shamsi, A Dabbaghi, M Janeczek
Evaluation of the middle ear in water buffalos (Bubalus bubalis) by gross anatomy and cone beam computed tomography.
Folia Morphol. (Warsz): 2020;
[PubMed:32207849] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects