Brassica juncea

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P204 2.jpg
Tcm321.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Brassica juncea

Brassica juncea in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Jiezi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Mustard Seed

Specific Name  : Semen sinapis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is cut up in late summer and early autumn when the fruit is ripe and dried in the sun, the seed is tapped out and removed from foreign matter.

Description  : Bai JieZi: 1.5 - 2.3mm in diameter. Externally greyish white to pale yellow, finely reticulated with an obvious point like hilum. Testa thin and brittle, after cutting, white folded cotyledons visible, oily, odorless and taste pungent.Hang TieZi: Relatively small, 1 - 2mm in diameter, externally yellow to brownish yellow, a few dark reddish brown, odor characteristic and pungent when triturated and moistened with water.

Identification  : Transverse sectionBai JieZi: Epidermal cells of testa consisting of mucilage cells having mucilage striations, hypodermis consisting of 2 rows of collenchyma cells, palisade cells consisting of one row of stone cells with thickened inner and lateral walls and thin outer wall. Endosperm consisting of 1 row sub-square cells containing aleurone grain. Parenchymatous cells of cotyledons and radicle containing oil droplets and aleurone grains.Hang JieZi: Epidermal ce4lls of testa elongated tangentially, hypodermis consisting of 1 row of thin cells.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter and break to pieces before use.Semen Sinapis (stir fried): Stir fry as described under the method for simple stir frying until it becomes deep yellow and pungent scented. Break to pieces before use.

Action  : To relieve dyspnea and cough by eliminating cold-phlegm, to reduce nodulation, and to relieve pain by removing the obstruction of collaterals.

Indication  : cough, asthma and distending pain of the chest caused by cold-phlegm; arthralgia accompanied by numbness due to obstruction of collaterals by phlegm; deep abscess

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g; appropriate quantity for external use.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moisture.

P204 2.jpg
Tcm321.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Brassica juncea

Brassica juncea in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chaojiezi ³´½æ×Ó Chinese Name (pinyin): Baijiezi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :White Mustard Seed

Specific Name  : Semen Sinapis Albae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is cut up in late summer and early autumn when the fruit is ripe and dried in the sun, the seed is tapped out and removed from foreign matter.

Description  : Bai JieZi: 1.5 - 2.3mm in diameter. Externally greyish white to pale yellow, finely reticulated with an obvious point like hilum. Testa thin and brittle, after cutting, white folded cotyledons visible, oily, odorless and taste pungent.Hang TieZi: Relatively small, 1 - 2mm in diameter, externally yellow to brownish yellow, a few dark reddish brown, odor characteristic and pungent when triturated and moistened with water.

Identification  : Transverse sectionBai JieZi: Epidermal cells of testa consisting of mucilage cells having mucilage striations, hypodermis consisting of 2 rows of collenchyma cells, palisade cells consisting of one row of stone cells with thickened inner and lateral walls and thin outer wall. Endosperm consisting of 1 row sub-square cells containing aleurone grain. Parenchymatous cells of cotyledons and radicle containing oil droplets and aleurone grains.Hang JieZi: Epidermal ce4lls of testa elongated tangentially, hypodermis consisting of 1 row of thin cells.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter and break to pieces before use.Semen Sinapis (stir fried): Stir fry as described under the method for simple stir frying until it becomes deep yellow and pungent scented. Break to pieces before use.

Action  :

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3-10g

Storage  :

P204 2.jpg
Tcm321.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Brassica juncea

Brassica juncea in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chinese Name (pinyin): Jiezi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Mustard Seed

Specific Name  : Semen sinapis

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is cut up in late summer and early autumn when the fruit is ripe and dried in the sun, the seed is tapped out and removed from foreign matter.

Description  : Bai JieZi: 1.5 - 2.3mm in diameter. Externally greyish white to pale yellow, finely reticulated with an obvious point like hilum. Testa thin and brittle, after cutting, white folded cotyledons visible, oily, odorless and taste pungent.Hang TieZi: Relatively small, 1 - 2mm in diameter, externally yellow to brownish yellow, a few dark reddish brown, odor characteristic and pungent when triturated and moistened with water.

Identification  : Transverse sectionBai JieZi: Epidermal cells of testa consisting of mucilage cells having mucilage striations, hypodermis consisting of 2 rows of collenchyma cells, palisade cells consisting of one row of stone cells with thickened inner and lateral walls and thin outer wall. Endosperm consisting of 1 row sub-square cells containing aleurone grain. Parenchymatous cells of cotyledons and radicle containing oil droplets and aleurone grains.Hang JieZi: Epidermal ce4lls of testa elongated tangentially, hypodermis consisting of 1 row of thin cells.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter and break to pieces before use.Semen Sinapis (stir fried): Stir fry as described under the method for simple stir frying until it becomes deep yellow and pungent scented. Break to pieces before use.

Action  : To relieve dyspnea and cough by eliminating cold-phlegm, to reduce nodulation, and to relieve pain by removing the obstruction of collaterals.

Indication  : cough, asthma and distending pain of the chest caused by cold-phlegm; arthralgia accompanied by numbness due to obstruction of collaterals by phlegm; deep abscess

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g; appropriate quantity for external use.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place, protected from moisture.

P204 2.jpg
Tcm321.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Brassica juncea

Brassica juncea in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Chaojiezi ³´½æ×Ó Chinese Name (pinyin): Baijiezi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :White Mustard Seed

Specific Name  : Semen Sinapis Albae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is cut up in late summer and early autumn when the fruit is ripe and dried in the sun, the seed is tapped out and removed from foreign matter.

Description  : Bai JieZi: 1.5 - 2.3mm in diameter. Externally greyish white to pale yellow, finely reticulated with an obvious point like hilum. Testa thin and brittle, after cutting, white folded cotyledons visible, oily, odorless and taste pungent.Hang TieZi: Relatively small, 1 - 2mm in diameter, externally yellow to brownish yellow, a few dark reddish brown, odor characteristic and pungent when triturated and moistened with water.

Identification  : Transverse sectionBai JieZi: Epidermal cells of testa consisting of mucilage cells having mucilage striations, hypodermis consisting of 2 rows of collenchyma cells, palisade cells consisting of one row of stone cells with thickened inner and lateral walls and thin outer wall. Endosperm consisting of 1 row sub-square cells containing aleurone grain. Parenchymatous cells of cotyledons and radicle containing oil droplets and aleurone grains.Hang JieZi: Epidermal ce4lls of testa elongated tangentially, hypodermis consisting of 1 row of thin cells.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter and break to pieces before use.Semen Sinapis (stir fried): Stir fry as described under the method for simple stir frying until it becomes deep yellow and pungent scented. Break to pieces before use.

Action  :

Indication  :

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3-10g

Storage  :

Synonymns for Brassica juncea

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Brassica juncea

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Brassica juncea in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Kanchan Vishwakarma, Vijay Pratap Singh, Sheo Mohan Prasad, Devendra Kumar Chauhan, Durgesh Kumar Tripathi, Shivesh Sharma
Silicon and plant growth promoting rhizobacteria differentially regulate AgNP-induced toxicity in Brassica juncea: Implication of nitric oxide.
J. Hazard. Mater.: 2019, 390;121806
[PubMed:32058900] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Silvia Andini, Carla Araya-Cloutier, Mark Sanders, Jean-Paul Vincken
Simultaneous Analysis of Glucosinolates and Isothiocyanates by RP-UHPLC-ESI-MSn.
J. Agric. Food Chem.: 2020;
[PubMed:32053364] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Jannat Shopan, Chang Liu, Zhongyuan Hu, Mingfang Zhang, Jinghua Yang
##Title##
3 Biotech: 2020, 10(2);75
[PubMed:32051808] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Barbara Sawicka, Ewa Kotiuk, Anna Kiełtyka-Dadasiewicz, Barbara Krochmal-Marczak
Fatty Acids Composition of Mustard Oil from Two Cultivars and Physico-chemical Characteristics of the Seeds.
J Oleo Sci: 2020;
[PubMed:32051354] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Praveen Gupta, Chandra Shekhar Seth
Interactive role of exogenous 24 Epibrassinolide and endogenous NO in Brassica juncea L. under salinity stress: Evidence for NR-dependent NO biosynthesis.
Nitric Oxide: 2020, 97;33-47
[PubMed:32045686] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects