Bletilla striata

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Bletilla striata

Bletilla striata in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Baiji

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Bletilla Tuber

Specific Name  : Rhizoma bletillae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn and summer, removed from fibrous root, washed, boilel or steamed until absent from white spot on the cut surface, dried briefly in the sun, peeled to removed the outer tissue and dried in the sun.

Description  : Irregularly oblate, mostly with 2 - 3 claw like branches, 1.5 - 5 cm long, 0.5 - 1.5 cm thick. Externally greyish white, possessing several concentric rings and brown dotted rootlet scars, with raised stem scars above and with a trace of another tuber joined below. Texture hard and uneasily broken, fracture whitish and horny. Odourless, taste bitter and viscous on chewing.

Identification  : Powder: Yellowish white, the anticlinal walls of epidermal cells sinuous, slightly thickened, lignified with distinct pit canals. Raphides of calcium oxalate occurring in large sub rounded mucilage cells of scattered throughout the powder. Needle crystals 18 - 88 µm long. Fibres in bundles, 11 - 30 µm in diameter, walls lignified with V shape or elliptical pits. Scalariform bordered pitted and spiral vessels 10 - 32 µm in diameter. Masses of gelatinized starch granules colorless.

Processing  : Wash clean, soften thoroughly, cut into thin slices and dried in the sun.

Action  : To arrest bleeding, and to promote the subsidence or swelling and the growth of new tissue.

Indication  : hemoptysis in pulmonary tuberculosis, hematemesis in peptic ulcer, traumatic bleeding, boils and sores; rhagadia

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 6 to 15 g, or 3 to 6 g to be gorund into powder for oral administration; appropriate quantity for external use.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place.

Synonymns for Bletilla striata

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Bletilla striata

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Bletilla striata in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Yinchi Pan, Lin Li, Shiji Xiao, Zhongjie Chen, Surendra Sarsaiya, Shebo Zhang, Yanni ShangGuan, Houbo Liu, Delin Xu
Callus growth kinetics and accumulation of secondary metabolites of Bletilla striata Rchb.f. using a callus suspension culture.
PLoS ONE: 2020, 15(2);e0220084
[PubMed:32074105] [] [DOI] (I e)

Zhouying Li, Rui Zeng, Ling Yang, Xiaodong Ren, Katherine G Maffucci, Yan Qu
Development and Characterization of PCL Electrospun Membrane-Coated Bletilla striata Polysaccharide-Based Gastroretentive Drug Delivery System.
AAPS PharmSciTech: 2020, 21(2);66
[PubMed:31932983] [] [DOI] (I e)

Ji-Qing Bai, Su Gao, Peng-Fei Wang, Lin Wang, Wei-Wei Liu, Xiao-Ping Wang, Xiao-Bo Zhang, Ting-Ting Shi
[Bletilla striata planting area in Ningshan county extraction based on multi-temporal remote sensing images].
Zhongguo Zhong Yao Za Zhi: 2019, 44(19);4129-4133
[PubMed:31872689] [] [DOI] (P p)

Yu-Yao Zu, Quan-Fang Liu, Shu-Xin Tian, Li-Xia Jin, Fu-Sheng Jiang, Mei-Ya Li, Bing-Qi Zhu, Zhi-Shan Ding
BMC Complement Altern Med: 2019, 19(1);369
[PubMed:31842843] [] [DOI] (I e)

Hu Sun, Shi-Bao Zhang, Tao Liu, Wei Huang
Decreased photosystem II activity facilitates acclimation to fluctuating light in the understory plant Paris polyphylla.
Biochim Biophys Acta Bioenerg: 2020, 1861(2);148135
[PubMed:31821793] [] [DOI] (I p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects