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Bitumen is a non-scientific common name that may refer to a number of plant species and varieties.


Other Names:

Historical Use of Bitumen

Bitumen in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Historical Use of Bitumen in Western Medicine

Quote Paraph: "Various substances were used to rouse the patient. In this connection hog's fennel, Cyreniac juice (asafoetida), bitumen and pitch of cedar were recommended…"
Sec Auth: Eadie MJ and Bladin PF
Title: A Disease Once Sacred. John Libbey & Company Ltd, 2001
Page: 175
Source: A Disease Once Sacred, John Libbey & Company Ltd, 2001, M.J. Eadie and P.F. Bladin
Complete: Eadie MJ, Bladin PF. A disease once sacred: a history of the medical understanding of epilepsy. Eastleigh: John Libbey; 2001. p. 175.
Primary Source:


Synonymns for Bitumen

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Bitumen

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Bitumen in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Yosuke Kakisaka, Kazutaka Jin, Mayu Fujikawa, Yu Kitazawa, Kazuhiro Kato, Nobukazu Nakasato
Levetiracetam improves symptoms of multiple chemical sensitivity: Case report.
J. Med. Invest.: 2017, 64(3.4);296-298
[PubMed:28955000] [] [DOI] (I p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects