Astragalus complanatus

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Astragalus complanatus

Astragalus complanatus in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Tongjili äüÝðÞ¼ Chinese Name (pinyin): Shayuanzi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Flatstem Milkvetch Seed

Specific Name  : Semen astragali complanati

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The plant is collected in late autumn and early winter when the fruit is ripe but not dehiscent, dried in the sun, seed tapped out, removed from foreign matters and dried in the sun.

Description  : Somewhat reniform, slightly flattened, 2 - 2.5 cm long, 1.5 - 2mm wide about 1 mm thick. Externally smooth, brownish green or greyish brown with a rounded hilum located on one slightly dented edge. Texture hard, uneasily broken. 2 cotyledons, pale yellow, redicle curve about 1mm long. Odourless, taste weak and bean like on chewing.Identification: Break 1 g of the drug to pieces. Add 10 ml of ether, heat under reflux on a water bath for 10 minutes, filter and discard the ether solution. Heat the residue to expel ather, add 5 ml of methanol, reflux on a hot water bath for 10 minutes and filter. Spot 1 drop of the filtrate on a piece of filter paper. Examine under ultra violet light (365 nm), a purplish red fluorescence is shown. Add 2 drops of methanol and allow the spot to disperse, a brilliant yellow ring is shown inside the purplish red fluorescent ring.

Identification  :

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matters wash and dry.Processed with salt: Stir fry as described under the method for stir frying with salt water (Appendix ll D) to dryness.

Action  : To benefit the liver and the kidney, arrest seminal discharge, restrain urination and improve eyesight.

Indication  : back pain; nocturnal emission and premature ejaculation in deficiency syndromes of the kidney; turbid discharge with urination, excessive leukorrhea; dribbling of urine after urination; dizziness and blurred vision

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 9 to 15 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a ventilated and dry place.

Synonymns for Astragalus complanatus

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Astragalus complanatus

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Astragalus complanatus in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Chun-Li Xiu, Hong-Sheng Pan, Bing Liu, Zong-Xiu Luo, Livy Williams, Yi-Zhong Yang, Yan-Hui Lu
Perception of and Behavioral Responses to Host Plant Volatiles for Three Adelphocoris Species.
J. Chem. Ecol.: 2019, 45(9);779-788
[PubMed:31478157] [] [DOI] (I p)

Yu Li, Ning Hao, Suping Zou, Tingting Meng, Huanqing Tao, Pengfei Ming, Manman Li, Hongyan Ding, Jinchun Li, Shibin Feng, Xichun Wang, Jinjie Wu
J Immunol Res: 2018, 2018;7948068
[PubMed:29850637] [] [DOI] (I e)

Tung Ting Sham, Huan Zhang, Daniel Kam Wah Mok, Shun Wan Chan, Jianhong Wu, Songyun Tang, Chi On Chan
Chemical Analysis of Astragali Complanati Semen and Its Hypocholesterolemic Effect Using Serum Metabolomics Based on Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry.
Antioxidants (Basel): 2017, 6(3);
[PubMed:28753987] [] [DOI] (P e)

Jack Ho Wong, Stephen Cho Wing Sze, Tzi Bun Ng, Randy Chi Fai Cheung, Chit Tam, Kalin Yanbo Zhang, Xiuli Dan, Yau Sang Chan, William Chi Shing Cho, Charlene Cheuk Wing Ng, Mary Miu Yee Waye, Weicheng Liang, Jinfang Zhang, Jie Yang, Xiuyun Ye, Juan Lin, Xiujuan Ye, Hexiang Wang, Fang Liu, David Wai Chan, Hextan Yuen Sheung Ngan, Ou Sha, Guohui Li, Ryan Tse, Tak Fu Tse, Helen Chan
Apoptosis and Anti-cancer Drug Discovery: The Power of Medicinal Fungi and Plants.
Curr. Med. Chem.: 2018, 25(40);5613-5630
[PubMed:28730971] [] [DOI] (I p)

Chao Xiong, Zhi-Gang Hu, Yuan Tu, He-Gang Liu, Ping Wang, Ming-Ming Zhao, Yu-Hua SHIi, Lan Wu, Wei Sun, Shi-Lin Chen
ITS2 barcoding DNA region combined with high resolution melting (HRM) analysis of Hyoscyami Semen, the mature seed of Hyoscyamus niger.
Chin J Nat Med: 2016, 14(12);898-903
[PubMed:28262116] [] [DOI] (I p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects