Artemisia apiacea

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Artemisia apiacea

Artemisia apiacea in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Nanqinghao ÄÏÇàÝï Nenqinghao ÄÛÇàÝï Chinese Name (pinyin): Qinghao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Sweet Wormwood

Specific Name  : Herba artemisiae annuae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn at flowering, remove from the older stems and dried in the shade.

Description  : Stems cylindrical, frequently branched at the upper part, 30 - 80cm long, 2 - 6mm in diameter, externally yellowish green or brownish yellow with lonitudinal ridges, texture slight hard, easily broken, fracture medullated in the central part. Leaves alternate, dark green or brownish green, rolled and crumpled, easily broken when whole, 3-pinnatipartite, the segments and the smaller segments oblong or long elliptical, pubescent on both surfaces, odour charateristically aromatic and taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : To about 3g of the powder add 50ml of tehanol, heat under reflux for 1 hour, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness. Dissolve the residue in 5ml of ethanol and use it as the test solution. Prepare a reference drug solution of Radix Aristolochiae in the same way as described for the test solution. Dissolve aistolochic acid CRS in ethanol to produce a solution containing 0.5mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (appendix Vl B), using silica gel G containing sodium carboxymethyl cellulose as the coating substance and benzene-methanol-glacial acetic acid (5:0:8:0.1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 5µl of each of the above three solutions to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air. Examine under day light and ultra-violet light (365nm). The spots in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution correspond in position and color to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution and reference drug solution.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, spray with water, soften briefly, cut inot section and dry in the sun.

Action  : To remove summer-heat, to relieve consumptive fever, and to stop malarial attacks.

Indication  : fever caused by summer-heat; afternoon fever in deficiency of yin or in consumptive diseases; malaria with chills and fever; jaundice

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

Synonymns for Artemisia apiacea

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Artemisia apiacea

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Artemisia apiacea in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Ju-Hye Yang, Esther Lee, BoHyoung Lee, Won-Kyung Cho, Jin Yeul Ma, Kwang-Il Park
Nutrients: 2018, 10(7);
[PubMed:29932162] [] [DOI] (I e)

Huan Trinh, Youngchul Yoo, Kyung-Hwa Won, Hien T T Ngo, Jung-Eun Yang, Jin-Gyeong Cho, Sang-Won Lee, Ki-Young Kim, Tae-Hoo Yi
Evaluation of in-vitro antimicrobial activity of Artemisia  apiacea H. and Scutellaria baicalensis G. extracts.
J. Med. Microbiol.: 2018, 67(4);489-495
[PubMed:29504922] [] [DOI] (I p)

Zhen Cao, Chuan Liu, Yun Bai, Ce Dou, Jian-Mei Li, Duo-Wei Shi, Shi-Wu Dong, Qiang Xiang
Inhibitory effect of dihydroartemisinin on chondrogenic and hypertrophic differentiation of mesenchymal stem cells.
Am J Transl Res: 2017, 9(6);2748-2759
[PubMed:28670366] [] (P e)

Yan Deng, Zijun Liu, Yiwei Geng
Exp Ther Med: 2016, 12(2);1130-1134
[PubMed:27446332] [] [DOI] (P p)

Eui Jeong Doh, Seung-Ho Paek, Guemsan Lee, Mi-Young Lee, Seung-Eun Oh
Application of Partial Internal Transcribed Spacer Sequences for the Discrimination of Artemisia capillaris from Other Artemisia Species.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med: 2016, 2016;7043436
[PubMed:27313651] [] [DOI] (P p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects