Artemisia annua

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P253 2.jpg
Tcm96.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Artemisia annua

Artemisia annua in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Nanqinghao ÄÏÇàÝï Nenqinghao ÄÛÇàÝï Chinese Name (pinyin): Qinghao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Sweet Wormwood

Specific Name  : Herba artemisiae annuae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn at flowering, remove from the older stems and dried in the shade.

Description  : Stems cylindrical, frequently branched at the upper part, 30 - 80cm long, 2 - 6mm in diameter, externally yellowish green or brownish yellow with lonitudinal ridges, texture slight hard, easily broken, fracture medullated in the central part. Leaves alternate, dark green or brownish green, rolled and crumpled, easily broken when whole, 3-pinnatipartite, the segments and the smaller segments oblong or long elliptical, pubescent on both surfaces, odour charateristically aromatic and taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : To about 3g of the powder add 50ml of tehanol, heat under reflux for 1 hour, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness. Dissolve the residue in 5ml of ethanol and use it as the test solution. Prepare a reference drug solution of Radix Aristolochiae in the same way as described for the test solution. Dissolve aistolochic acid CRS in ethanol to produce a solution containing 0.5mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (appendix Vl B), using silica gel G containing sodium carboxymethyl cellulose as the coating substance and benzene-methanol-glacial acetic acid (5:0:8:0.1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 5µl of each of the above three solutions to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air. Examine under day light and ultra-violet light (365nm). The spots in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution correspond in position and color to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution and reference drug solution.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, spray with water, soften briefly, cut inot section and dry in the sun.

Action  : To remove summer-heat, to relieve consumptive fever, and to stop malarial attacks.

Indication  : fever caused by summer-heat; afternoon fever in deficiency of yin or in consumptive diseases; malaria with chills and fever; jaundice

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

P253 2.jpg
Tcm96.jpg

Nomenclature

Other Names:

Historical Use of Artemisia annua

Artemisia annua in Traditional Chinese Medicine

Background

Nanqinghao ÄÏÇàÝï Nenqinghao ÄÛÇàÝï Chinese Name (pinyin): Qinghao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Sweet Wormwood

Specific Name  : Herba artemisiae annuae

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in autumn at flowering, remove from the older stems and dried in the shade.

Description  : Stems cylindrical, frequently branched at the upper part, 30 - 80cm long, 2 - 6mm in diameter, externally yellowish green or brownish yellow with lonitudinal ridges, texture slight hard, easily broken, fracture medullated in the central part. Leaves alternate, dark green or brownish green, rolled and crumpled, easily broken when whole, 3-pinnatipartite, the segments and the smaller segments oblong or long elliptical, pubescent on both surfaces, odour charateristically aromatic and taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : To about 3g of the powder add 50ml of tehanol, heat under reflux for 1 hour, filter, evaporate the filtrate to dryness. Dissolve the residue in 5ml of ethanol and use it as the test solution. Prepare a reference drug solution of Radix Aristolochiae in the same way as described for the test solution. Dissolve aistolochic acid CRS in ethanol to produce a solution containing 0.5mg per ml as the reference solution. Carry out the method for thin layer chromatography (appendix Vl B), using silica gel G containing sodium carboxymethyl cellulose as the coating substance and benzene-methanol-glacial acetic acid (5:0:8:0.1) as the mobile phase. Apply separately 5µl of each of the above three solutions to the plate. After developing and removal of the plate, dry it in the air. Examine under day light and ultra-violet light (365nm). The spots in the chromatogram obtained with the test solution correspond in position and color to the spot in the chromatogram obtained with the reference solution and reference drug solution.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, spray with water, soften briefly, cut inot section and dry in the sun.

Action  : To remove summer-heat, to relieve consumptive fever, and to stop malarial attacks.

Indication  : fever caused by summer-heat; afternoon fever in deficiency of yin or in consumptive diseases; malaria with chills and fever; jaundice

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 4.5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

Synonymns for Artemisia annua

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Artemisia annua

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Artemisia annua in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials

Meta-Analysis

1st Five Results: pubmed search

Payam Baghban-Kanani, Babak Hosseintabar-Ghasemabad, Saba Azimi-Youvalari, Alireza Seidavi, Marco Ragni, Vito Laudadio, Vincenzo Tufarelli
##Title##
J Poult Sci: 2019, 56(2);120-127
[PubMed:32055206] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Ying Li, Ning-Ning Shan, Xiao-Hui Sui
Research Progress on Artemisinin and Its Derivatives against Hematological Malignancies.
Chin J Integr Med: 2020;
[PubMed:32048169] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Matthew R Desrosiers, Alexis Mittelman, Pamela J Weathers
##Title##
Biomolecules: 2020, 10(2);
[PubMed:32046156] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Fang He, Changyin Yu, Tao Liu, Huilin Jia
Ginsenoside Rg1 as an Effective Regulator of Mesenchymal Stem Cells.
Front Pharmacol: 2019, 10;1565
[PubMed:32038244] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P e)

Hongfei Lou, Yanran Huang, Yuhui Ouyang, Yuan Zhang, Lin Xi, Xiaohan Chu, Yang Wang, Chengshuo Wang, Luo Zhang
Artemisia annua sublingual immunotherapy for seasonal allergic rhinitis: a randomized controlled trial.
Allergy: 2020;
[PubMed:32030780] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Safety

Allergies

Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects