- 1 Nomenclature
- 2 Historical Use of Angelica sinensis
- 3 Background
- 4 Pharmaceutical Information
- 5 Evidence or the Use of Angelica sinensis in the Treatment of Epilepesy
- 6 Safety
Historical Use of Angelica sinensis
Angelica sinensis in Traditional Chinese Medicine
Chinese Name (pinyin): Danggui
Chinese Name :
Common Name :Chinese Agelica Root
Specific Name : Radix angelicae sinensis
Collection : The drug is collected in late autumn, removed from rootlet and soil, slightly dried and tied up in small bundles, place on a shelf and smoke dried.
Description : Somewhat cylindrical, 3 - 5 or more branched at the lower part, 15 - 25 cm long. Externally yellowish brown to brown, longitudinally wrinkled and transversely lenticellate. Root stocks (Guitou). 1.5 - 4 cm in diameter, annulated, apex obtuse and rounded, showing purple or yellowish green remains of stem and leaf sheaths, main roots (Guishen) lumpy on the surface, branching roots (Guiwei) 0.3 - 1 cm in diameter, the upper portion thick and thelower portion thin, mostly twisted and exhibiting a few rootlet scars. Texture flexible, fracture yellowish white or yellowish brown, bark thick showing some clefts and numerous brown dotted secretory cavities, wood paler in colour, cambium ring yellowish brown. Odour strongly aromatic, taste sweet, pungent and slightly bitter. It is not use medicinally if the roots become woody withered not oily or greenish brown on the fracture.
Identification : Transverse section: Cork cells in several layers. Cortex narrow, scattered with a few oil cavities. Phloem broad, more cleft, oil cavities and oil tubes subrounded, 25 - 160µm in diameter, relatively large on the outer side, gradually becoming small inwards, surrounded by 6 - 9 secretory cells. Cambium in a ring, xylem rays 3 - 5 rows of cells wide, vessels singly scattered or 2 - 3 grouped, arranged radially, parenchymatous cells containing starch granules.Powder: Yellowish brown, parenchymatous cells in phloem fusiform, walls slightly thickened with very fine oblique crisscross striations, sometimes thin transverse septa visible. Scalariform and reticulate vessels frequently up to 80 µm in diameter. Sometimes fragments of oil cavities visible.Total ash: Not more than 7.0% (Appendix lX K)Acid-insoluble ash: Not more than 2.0% (Appendix lX K)Extractives: Carry out the hot extractives method as described under the determination for ethanol-soluble extractives (Appendix X A), using 70% ethanol as solvent not less than 45.0%.
Processing : Eliminate foreign matter, wash, soften thoroughly, cut into slices and dry in the sun or at a low temperature.Stir fried with wine: Stir fry the slices as described under the method for stir frying with wine (Appendix ll D) to dryness.
Action : To enrich blood, activate blood circulation, regulate menstruation, relieve pain, and relax bowels.
Indication : anemia with dizziness and palpitation; mentstrual disorders, amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea; constipation; rheumatic arthralgia; traumatic injuries; carbuncles, boils, sores stir-fried with wine: amenorrhea, dysmenorrhea, rheumatic arthralgia, traumatic injuries
Dosage : 4.5 to 9 g.
Storage : Preserve in a cool and dry place, protected from moisture and moth.
Synonymns for Angelica sinensis
Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Angelica sinensis
Evidence or the Use of Angelica sinensis in the Treatment of Epilepesy
Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials
Randomized Controlled Trials
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