Alpinia officinarum

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Alpinia officinarum

Alpinia officinarum in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Liangjiang Á¼½ª Liangjiangpian Á¼½ªÆ¬ Chinese Name (pinyin): Gaoliangjiang

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Galangal Rhizome

Specific Name  : Rhizoma alpiniae officinarum

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected at the end of summer and at the beginning of autumn, removed from fibrous root and remaining leaf scales, washed clean, cut into section and dried in the sun.

Description  : Cylindrical, often curved and branched, 5 - 9 cm long, 1 - 1.5 cm in diameter, externally brownish red to dark brown with fine numerous longitudinal wrinkles and greyish brown sinuous, annular nodes. Each node 0.2 - 1 cm long, bearing round root scars at the lower part. Texture hard and tenacious, uneasily broken, fracture greyish brown or reddish brown, fibrous. Stele occupying about 1/3 area of the rhizome, odour aromatic and taste pungent.

Identification  : Transverse section: The outer walls of the epidermal cells thickened, some cells containing reddish brown non crystaline masses. Vascular bundles of leaf trace relatively abundant in cortex, collateral and epidermis distinct. Collateral vascular bundles numerous in stele, vascular bundles sheath fibres arranged in a ring lignified. Secretory cells abundantly scattered in parenchyma of cortex and stele. Containing yellow or reddish brown resinuous contents. Parenchymatous cells filled with starch granules.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter, wash, clean, soften thoroughly, cut into thin slices and dry in the sun.

Action  : To dispel cold from the stomach, to promote digestion and to relieve pain.

Indication  : epigastric pain with cold sensation; vomiting, belching and acid regurgitation due to cold in the stomach

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 6 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

Synonymns for Alpinia officinarum

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Alpinia officinarum

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Alpinia officinarum in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Yusheng Jia, Mengmeng Sun, Yuhua Shi, Zhihui Zhu, Eduard van Wijk, Roeland van Wijk, Tinde van Andel, Mei Wang
A comparative study of aged and contemporary Chinese herbal materials by using delayed luminescence technique.
Chin Med: 2020, 15;6
[PubMed:31969930] [] [DOI] (P e)

Fatemah A Alasmary, Eman A Assirey, Reham M El-Meligy, Amani S Awaad, Lara A El-Sawaf, Menatallah M Allah, Saleh I Alqasoumi
Saudi Pharm J: 2019, 27(8);1107-1112
[PubMed:31885470] [] [DOI] (P p)

D Lakshmanan, A Harikrishnan, K Jyoti, M Idul Ali, K Jeevaratnam
A compound isolated from Alpinia officinarum Hance. inhibits swarming motility of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and down regulates virulence genes.
J. Appl. Microbiol.: 2019;
[PubMed:31869477] [] [DOI] (I a)

Zhiping Zhang, Guangda Xin, Guangyu Zhou, Qianyu Li, Vishnu Priya Veeraraghavan, Surapaneni Krishna Mohan, Dayu Wang, Feng Liu
Artif Cells Nanomed Biotechnol: 2019, 47(1);3212-3221
[PubMed:31359793] [] [DOI] (I p)

Liubing Hu, Weihuan Huang, Yong Ding, Min Liu, Mei Wang, Ying Wang, Wei Zhang, Yaolan Li, Wencai Ye, Manmei Li, Zhong Liu
PHMH, a diarylheptanoid from Alpinia officinarum attenuates VEGF-induced angiogenesis via inhibition of the VEGFR-2 signaling pathway.
Food Funct: 2019, 10(5);2605-2617
[PubMed:31020299] [] [DOI] (I p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects