Allium macrostemon

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Allium macrostemon

Allium macrostemon in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Xiebaitou Þ¯°×Í· Chinese Name (pinyin): Xiebai

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Macrostem Onion

Specific Name  : Bulbus Allii Macrostemi

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected in summer and autumn, washed clean, removed from fibrous root, steamed thoroughly in boiling water and dried in the sun.

Description  : Irregularly ovoid, 0.5-1.5cm high, 0.5-1.8cm in diameter. Externally yellowish-white or pale yellowish brown, crumpled, transluscent, bearing whitish membranous scales, bulge plateau at the base. Texture: hard, horny. Odor: alliaceous, taste: slightly pungent.Action: to remove retained phlegm from the chest, promote the flow of qi and relieve its stagnation.

Identification  :

Processing  :

Action  : To remove the retained phlegm from the chest, promote the flow of qi and relieve its stagnation.

Indication  : angina pectoris; cough and dyspnea caused by retained phlegm; tenesmus in dysentery

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 5 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dry place, protected from moth.

Synonymns for Allium macrostemon

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Allium macrostemon

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Allium macrostemon in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Hui Feng, Zhipeng Wang, Changsong Wang, Xinyi Zhu, Zhigang Liu, Hongmei Liu, Ming Guo, Qian Hou, Zhenrong Chu
Effect of Furostanol Saponins from Allium Macrostemon Bunge Bulbs on Platelet Aggregation Rate and PI3K/Akt Pathway in the Rat Model of Coronary Heart Disease.
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med: 2019, 2019;9107847
[PubMed:31341503] [] [DOI] (P e)

Xiang-Bao Meng, Ting Zhu, De-Hui Yang, Wei Liang, Gui-Bo Sun, Xiao-Bo Sun
Ann Transl Med: 2019, 7(11);239
[PubMed:31317009] [] [DOI] (P p)

Quan He, Shaohui Huang, Yuehong Wu, Wenqi Zhang, Fanchao Wang, Jiawei Cao, Qing Sheng, Zongsuo Liang, Lili Liu, Wen-Bin Ou
Comparative study on the composition of free amino acids and derivatives in the two botanical origins of an edible Chinese herb "Xiebai", i.e., Allium chinense G. Don and Allium macrostemon Bunge species.
Food Res. Int.: 2018, 106;446-457
[PubMed:29579946] [] [DOI] (I p)

Kazusato Ohshima, Kouta Okamura, Ryosuke Yasaka, Shinji Fukuda, Kanji Ishimaru, Yasuhiro Tomitaka, Kazuo Yamashita
Genome Announc: 2017, 5(33);
[PubMed:28818904] [] [DOI] (P e)

Chenghua Han, Jing Qi, Sainan Gao, Chunxiang Li, Ying Ma, Jing Wang, Yuhua Bai, Xiaodong Zheng
Vasodilation effect of volatile oil from Allium macrostemon Bunge are mediated by PKA/NO pathway and its constituent dimethyl disulfide in isolated rat pulmonary arterials.
Fitoterapia: 2017, 120;52-57
[PubMed:28552597] [] [DOI] (I p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects