Abutilon theophrasti

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Abutilon theophrasti

Abutilon theophrasti in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Qingmazi

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Chingma Abutilon Seed

Specific Name  : Semen abutili

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The fruit is collected in autumn when ripe, dried in the sun and the seed is gathered, removed from foreign matters.

Description  : Triangular reniform, 3.5 - 6 mm long, 2.5 - 4 mm wide, 1 - 2 mm thick. Externally greyish black or dark brown, bearing sparse white tomenta, a sub-elliptical hilum dented, pale brown, radial striated. Testa hard, cotyledons 2, folded, oily. Odor slight and taste weak.

Identification  : Transverse section: Epidermal cells 1 layer, flattened rectangular, sometimes differentiated to unicellular non-glandular hairs, hypodermal cells 1 layer. Slightly radial prolated. Palisade cells 1 row, cylindrical up to about 88µm long, very thick walled, linear lumina visible at the upper part, the terminal end expended containing small globular crystals. Pigment cells 4 - 5 layers containing yellow brown or reddish brown contents. Cells of endosperm and cotyledons containing fatty oil droplets and aleurone grains, cells of cotyledons also containing a few of fine clusters of calcium oxalate.

Processing  :

Action  : To remove heat and damp, to counteract toxicity, and to cure nebula.

Indication  : dysentery with bloody, purulent stools; urinary tract infection with painful difficult urination; carbuncles, boils; nebula

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 3 to 9 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a cool and dry place.

Synonymns for Abutilon theophrasti

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Abutilon theophrasti

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Abutilon theophrasti in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Liangang Mao, Hongyun Jiang, Lan Zhang, Yanning Zhang, Muhammad Umair Sial, Haitao Yu, Aocheng Cao
Assessment of the potential of a reduced dose of dimethyl disulfide plus metham sodium on soilborne pests and cucumber growth.
Sci Rep: 2019, 9(1);19806
[PubMed:31875039] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Chunlian Tian, Xiaoyun Chen, Yu Chang, Ruxia Wang, Jing Ning, Cancan Cui, Mingchun Liu
Pharm Biol: 2019, 57(1);514-518
[PubMed:31401916] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Jeffrey D Weidenhamer, Tricia M Montgomery, Donald F Cipollini, Paul A Weston, Brian K Mohney
Plant Density and Rhizosphere Chemistry: Does Marigold Root Exudate Composition Respond to Intra- and Interspecific Competition?
J. Chem. Ecol.: 2019, 45(5-6);525-533
[PubMed:31134522] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Filip Vranjes, Sava Vrbnicanin, Dejan Nedeljkovic, Aleksandra Savic, Dragana Bozic
J Environ Sci Health B: 2019, 54(7);615-621
[PubMed:31116075] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Hongfei Zhang, Xiaohui Teng, Qianwen Luo, Ziyao Sheng, Xianru Guo, Gaoping Wang, Weizheng Li, Guohui Yuan
Flight and Walking Performance of Dark Black Chafer Beetle Holotrichia parallela (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae) in the Presence of Known Hosts and Attractive Nonhost Plants.
J. Insect Sci.: 2019, 19(2);
[PubMed:30865781] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects