Abrus cantoniensis

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Other Names:

Historical Use of Abrus cantoniensis

Abrus cantoniensis in Traditional Chinese Medicine


Chinese Name (pinyin): Jigucao

Chinese Name  :

Common Name  :Canton Love-pes Vine

Specific Name  : Herba abri

Scientific Name:
Collection  : The drug is collected all the year round, removed from soil and dried.

Description  : Roots mostly conical, the upper part thick and the lower part thin, branched varying in length, 0.5 - 1.5cm in diameter. Externally greyish brown, rough with fine longitudinal striations, rootlets extremely thin, some fallen off or with remainings. Texture hard, stems caespitose, 50 - 100cm long, about 0.2cm in diameter, greyish brown to purplish brown, branchlet slender, sparsely pubescent. Leaves pinnately compound, alternate, leaflets in 8 - 11 pairs, mostly fallen off, oblong. 0.8 - 1.2cm long, apex truncate, mucronulate, lower surface with pronated hairs. Odor slightly aromatic, taste slightly bitter.

Identification  : 1.Powder: greyish green, non-glandular hairs unicellular, acute or acuminate at the apex, 60 - 970µm long, 12 - 22µm in diameter, walls 3 - 6µm thick with distinct striations and warty prominences, stomata paracytic. Fibre bundles surrrounded by cells containing prism of calcium oxalate, forming crystal fibres. Walls of crystal cells, irregularly thickened, prisms 5 - 11µm in diameter. Stone cells subrounded, subsquare or oblong, 16 - 40µm in diameter, some walls slightly thickened, cork cells yellowish brown. Prisms of calcium oxalate 5 - 11µm in diameter.2.To 10g of the coarse powder add 100ml of 70% ethanol, heat under reflux on a water bath for 30 minutes and filter. Evaporate the filtrate conpletely on a water bath, dissolve the residue in 10ml of 1% hydrochloric acid solution and filter. Transfer the filtrate to 3 test tubes, 1nl each add 1 dropof potassium iodobismuthate TS to one tube, an orange red precipitate is produced. Add 1 drop of potassium mercuric iodide TS to another tube, a greyish yellow precipitate is produced. Add 1drop of silicotungstic acid TS to the third tube, a milky white precipitate is produced.3.To the insoluble residue obatined on adding 1% hydrochloric acid solution under Identification test (2), add 10ml of 10% sodium hydroxide solution, heat under reflux on a water bath for 30 minutes and allow to cool. Transfer the mixture to a separator, extract with 20ml of ether. Separate the ether layer and evaporate to dryness, dissolve to residue in 1ml of glacial acetic acid, add 1ml of a mixture containing 19 parts of acetic anhydride and 1 part of sulfuric acid, a yellow color is produced which changes gradually to a dull green color.

Processing  : Eliminate foreign matter and legumes and cut into sections.

Action  : To remove toxic heat, and to relieve the depressed liver and alleviate pain.

Indication  : jaundice with hypochondriac distress and epigastric distension and pain; acute and chronic hepatitis; mastitis

Precautions  :

Dosage  : 15 to 30 g.

Storage  : Preserve in a dru place.

Synonymns for Abrus cantoniensis

Patent Medicines and Medicines with Multiple Ingredients that include Abrus cantoniensis

Pharmaceutical Information

Chemical Constituents

Evidence or the Use of Abrus cantoniensis in the Treatment of Epilepesy

Basic Science

Animal Studies

Cohort, Case-Control and Non-Randomized Trials

Randomized Controlled Trials


1st Five Results: pubmed search

Xiangcao Yao, Zhanquan Li, Xiaomei Gong, Xiang Fu, Xiao Xiao, Maolin He, Baokang Huang, Zhongyuan Xu
Total saponins extracted from Abrus cantoniensis Hance suppress hepatitis B virus replication in vitro and in rAAV8-1.3HBV transfected mice.
J Ethnopharmacol: 2020, 249;112366
[PubMed:31678415] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)

Miao-Miao Yu, Fu-Xuan Wu, Wan-Ling Chen, Jun-Wei Kuang, Lu Zhou, Jun-Jiang Fu, Xi-Feng Sheng, Hui Zou
A new isoflavone glycoside from Abrus cantoniensis.
J Asian Nat Prod Res: 2019;1-6
[PubMed:30982343] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I a)

Qi Zeng, Hui Xie, Hongjin Song, Fayu Nie, Jiahua Wang, Dan Chen, Fu Wang
Evid Based Complement Alternat Med: 2016, 2016;6568528
[PubMed:28119760] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (P p)

Shaowei Wu, Xiong Fu, Margaret A Brennan, Charles S Brennan, Chen Chun
The Effects of Different Purifying Methods on the Chemical Properties, in Vitro Anti-Tumor and Immunomodulatory Activities of Abrus cantoniensis Polysaccharide Fractions.
Int J Mol Sci: 2016, 17(4);511
[PubMed:27058538] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I e)

Shaowei Wu, Xiong Fu, Lijun You, Arshad Mehmood Abbasi, Hecheng Meng, Dong Liu, Rana Muhammad Aadil
Antioxidant, antitumor and immunomodulatory activities of water-soluble polysaccharides in Abrus cantoniensis.
Int. J. Biol. Macromol.: 2016, 89;707-16
[PubMed:27057623] [WorldCat.org] [DOI] (I p)



Side Effect and Warnings

Pregnancy and Breastfeeding

Adverse Effects